The Role of Corporate Social Responsibility on Sustainable Development: A Case Study of the Gold Mining Community of Wadi Halfa Municipality-Northern State Sudan

Emad Abdullah Eisa Osman

Student thesis: Master thesis


The thesis explores and explains Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and its impact on the sustainable development of people living in a gold mining community, Wadi Halfa Town of Sudan. Through observations, document analysis and conduction of interviews of the local citizens, it seeks to assess the impact of gold mining operations on various aspects of the lives of the local people. Sudan is known as a country of a lot of political problems and long-lasting civil wars with poor economic indicators. Wadi Halfa mine is over 15 years old, and the practice of mining is said to be new for the area, taking this into consideration, the lack of mining experience has led to exercises of mal practices which consequently drew the whole area into environmental problems, security instability and civil conflicts. Various theorists and institutions, including international institutions such as the IFC, and DFID have defined sustainable development in their own context but in this thesis, the definition of sustainable development is drawn from the Rio conference; Our Common Future which defines sustainable development as “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs” (Brundtland, 1987: 43). In another way, it could be defined as development that conserves and protects our resources. An interesting way of testing this definition is the case study of a natural resource rich (specifically gold) community. The virtue of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) as the voluntary incorporation of social and environmental concerns into business conduct has established itself as an international norm. Businesses, intellectuals, local and international development agencies like the USAID have embraced this concept with the hope that it could bring about sustainable development to developing countries. Although Dosa Multi Activities Company (DMAC) - seems to uphold the concept of social responsibility, their willingness and zeal to ensure the reality of such policies are almost non-existent. CSR is best practiced when done in partnership with the local community, but in the case of DMAC, the formulation and implementation of the policies are done by the company with very little consultation with the people. Nonetheless, it expects the community to accept their stretched hand of philanthropy as a favor from them and not complain about the economic, cultural, social and environmental hazards that they have to endure as a result of the operations of the mine. Being a signatory to the Global Compact agreement and the ISO 14001, the company has tried to consistently improve their social commitment but they still have a very long way to go, if we want to see sustainable development in Wadi Halfa Town as defined by the Rio conference.

EducationsMSocSc in Service Management, (Graduate Programme) Final Thesis
Publication date2018
Number of pages81
SupervisorsSudhanshu Rai