The Gender Gap in the Danish IT Sector: Addressing the Underrepresentation of Women in the IT Sector

Mathias Christian Steffensen

Student thesis: Master thesis


This paper contributes to gender equality studies through the investigation of the underrepresentation of women in IT by examining factors that women in the field perceive to influence their career development, how and why they arise, and how they are experienced. A phenomenological study was conducted with the aim of gaining an understanding for what causes the phenomenon by analyzing the experiences and perceptions of 11 women working in the field. By exploring the individual experiences of women in the field, I found that women all have unique experiences that are influenced by various factors. The main factors of influence include the degree of masculine domination in the workplace, which relates back to the culture of the organization, and the individual identities of the women, which, in turn, relate to their individual backgrounds, upbringing and values. The study concludes that the underrepresentation of women in IT can be explained through the masculine domination of the field and the misconceptions about women in IT that follow. The lack of opportunities for career development, the unableness to enact femininity due to the masculine domination of the field, and the social barriers that stem from the inherent misconceptions about women in IT result in women’s negative experiences in the field, which constitute this study’s coverage of the factors that cause women to deselect and opt out of the field.

EducationsMSc in Business, Language and Culture - Diversity and Change Management, (Graduate Programme) Final Thesis
Publication date2022
Number of pages172
SupervisorsNicole Ferry