In recent years national-oriented political parties across Europe have obtained so much progress at the elections that they have achieved direct or indirect influence on politics. The parties are a part of a general national-oriented political trend as they all can be characterized as national-populists by focusing on the protection of the national. This thesis will explore how the national-oriented political trend has occurred, because with the national-oriented political parties centrally represented in the political systems, the possibilities for political leadership seem to change. Through a poststructuralist approach inspired by Ernesto Laclau’s discourse analysis and logic of representation, the thesis will therefore on the basis of Dansk Folkeparti`s political representation of “Danishness”, analyze which new strategies for political leadership there are at stake in the national-oriented political trend and illustrate the constitutive consequences for new interventions.
The analysis is divided into two:
The first part shows how the parliamentary election in 1973 was a dislocation of the political culture in relation to the way a political party could represent its voters, and how the new political culture from 1973-2001 made a hegemonic process taking place to establish a specific meaning of Foreigners possible, which created a foundation for Dansk Folkeparti`s “Danishness”. The second part firstly shows how Dansk Folkeparti from 2001-2014 strategically handled the foundation to appoint themselves as the political representatives of “Danishness”. Secondly it shows, how this representation had a diverted effect in relation to constitutive consequences for new interventions from 2015-2017.
It was concluded from Dansk Folkeparti`s political representation of “Danishness” that there are two new strategies for political leadership at stake in the national-oriented political trend. They are based upon a high degree of populism and characterized by equating a part of the people with the whole people – or the only “real” people by defining respectively Foreigners and Muslim Danes as the constitutive outside, which had constitutive consequences for new interventions in the form of 4 bills and resolutions introduced in parliament.
|Educations||MSocSc in Political Communication and Managment, (Graduate Programme) Final Thesis|
|Number of pages||85|
|Supervisors||Erik Caparros Højbjerg|