The state of Somalia

Frederik Dennis Forchhammer

Student thesis: Master thesis


With the international community engaging more actively in failed states such as Haiti and Afghanistan, Somalia provides a number of interesting insights into the influence of external actors on state-building. Somalia has been a so-called failed state since the collapse of the Siyad Barre dictatorship in 1991. Since then, external efforts been made to create a formal central state. Through a single-case study this thesis investigates the research question – How does external military intervention impact Somali state-building? To answer this, two hypotheses are being developed. The first one represents an endogenous approach to state-building, viewing it as a process to be achieved successfully by internal actors only. The latter represents an exogenous approach to state-building, viewing it as a process also for the partaking of external actors. In conclusion, external military intervention in Somalia has impacted negatively on Somali state-building. In contrast to this, the traditional structures of Somalia society have survived in spite of the stress of conflict and have demonstrated the ability to provide collective goods. Thus, contain the building blocks to build formal Somali institutions.

EducationsMSc in Business, Language and Culture, (Graduate Programme) Final Thesis
Publication date2011
Number of pages88