Problemer og løsninger i dansk beskæftigelsespolitik: En analyse af beskæftigelsespolitikkens udvikling og dens konsekvenser for styringen af forsikrede ledige

Anders Vognsen Stallknecht

Student thesis: Master thesis

Abstract

This master thesis focuses on relationship between the development of Danish employment policy and the way ensured unemployed Danish citizens are managed in the contact program that the Danish employment system contains. During the last few years the media and the unemployed, has described the employment system with dissatisfaction, frustration and as a waste of time. The system is the result of a continuous development of employment policies, which purpose has been to improve the employment system and the contact program. But despite the attempts to improve the employment system it is still described as problematic by the media and the unemployed citizens. This thesis therefore wants to investigate, how come the Danish employment system is still perceived as problematic despite several attempts to improve it. The problem of the thesis is therefore: How have governments developed employment policy reforms since 1993 and how are the reforms problematic for the unemployed? The problem is investigated through an historical analysis of the development of Danish employment policy since 1993 and an analysis of the contact program that unemployed are required to participate in to receive their benefits from the unemployment fund. The historical analysis shows that the development of Danish employment policy has been characterized by two types of solutions since 1993. A solution that wants to create an enhanced, intensive, early and rapid employment effort and a solution that wants to create an individual organized effort. The continuous development of these two solutions has resulted in a contact program in which unemployed are required to participate in a range of regular individual conversations, activation schemes and follow a specific set of rules and plans. The analysis of the contact program shows the existence of four different types of management in the contact program and how the contact program become problematic for the unemployed because contradictions between the four kinds of management creates irritations and cross-pressures places the unemployed in a contradictory and paradoxical position. For example, that the individual conversations is perceived as a means of control instead of counseling and guidance, that the quality of the employment effort falls due to lack of time and that the possibilities for the unemployed to choose which kind of activities they want to participate in, gets forced or limited. The thesis illustrates how the irritations and cross-pressures create a wide range of problematic circumstances for the unemployed and therefore shows how the employment policy reforms become problematic.

EducationsMSocSc in Political Communication and Managment, (Graduate Programme) Final Thesis
LanguageDanish
Publication date2012
Number of pages90