When Frank Jensen in 2009 ran for the office of Lord Mayor of Copenhagen, the main theme of the election campaign was community. Frank Jensen identified the lack of community as one of the biggest problems in Copenhagen as it allowed a state of cynicism, fuck-you-attitude and the me-generation to blossom and create a hostile environment for the inhabitants of the city. It seemed that the purpose of his campaign was to reinstate a community, which would be the solution to many social problems. The thesis is concerned with the construction of community and its political consequences. Who or what is not a desired component of this community? And what can these inclusion and exclusion mechanisms tell us about the political consequences? The theory used to examine these questions is mainly Luhmann’s systems theory, which is chosen because of its second order observation method and its distinction thinking. The first analysis will be concerned with the distinctions through which Frank Jensen observes community. The second analysis will draw on the findings from the first analysis and examine which inclusion and exclusion mechanisms are used in Frank Jensen’s construction of community. The ambition is to diagnose which differentiation of the social system society is used in Frank Jensen’s construction of community. The findings show that Frank Jensen’s community does not encompass everyone. It uses moral communication to mark, which values are good and which are bad. Active citizenship, friendly attitudes, solidarity and dependency upon others are some of the marked criteria for inclusion. On the other hand, there are also some values marked bad, as for example not caring for others, inactiveness and pursuing success for one self – these are therefore excluded from the community. The findings also show that the good values are found in the past and that they are presented as the solution to some of the city’s social problems. The thesis will also show, that the differentiation mode used to construct community is segmentation – which is the most primitive differentiation. This differentiation has a very low complexity and it will therefore be argued that it does not fit the complexity of a modern city as Copenhagen. Finally the thesis will show how Frank Jensen’s construction of community has a direct impact on political initiatives such as crime solution and children.
|Educations||MSocSc in Political Communication and Managment, (Graduate Programme) Final Thesis|
|Number of pages||90|