Aktør-netværksteori og strategiudvikling: Inddragelse af ANT i strategifaget

Mathias Wulff Jensen

Student thesis: Master thesis

Abstract

Within the academic field of strategic management there's a growing interest in including the sociological theory actor-network theory (ANT). Examples span deploying ANT as a theoretical lens for inquiry into the concept of resources, building on the theory's notion of non-human actors in order to explore new benefits of strategic planning, or including the theory as a part of the foundation for rethinking the study of strategic management with a more practice-oriented approach. ANT and strategic management do share a number of foci such as organizing, agency and practice, but the two disciplines also take opposite stances in their approach to normativity. Since normativity plays a pivotal role in both disciplines, the subject of the thesis is to inquire into how the approaches to normativity differ between ANT and strategic management, and how ANT on this background can be included in strategic management with advantage. Employing an analytical strategy based on ANT and analyzing a selection of renowned text books on strategic management and other theoretical sources, the thesis argues that while ANT is different from the theories that are normally included in the theoretical tool box of strategic management, there are topics where ANT can be included with advantage. Among the opportunities presented are: ANT's view of theories as non-human actors which brings to attention that keeping with the same selection of strategy theories will produce uniform results; ANT's explorative capacities which make the theory a useful resource in unknown strategic situations where the existing frame of reference does not suffice; and ANT's approach to dissolving the dichotomy between theory vs. practice which can help strategic management as an academic field answer the critique of not being able to address important practical issues.

EducationsMSocSc in Political Communication and Managment, (Graduate Programme) Final Thesis
LanguageDanish
Publication date2012
Number of pages84