The Role of Private Sector in Development Cooperation: Public Private Partnership in Japan’s Official Development Assistance

Aya Sadahiro

Student thesis: Master thesis


The aim of this paper is to examine the role of private sector in Japan’s ODA. This paper specifically presents the research about the Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) as one of the way to involve private sector into development. PPPs have become a major scheme in supplying the needs of public works and improving the efficiency of project delivery. The administration of PPP projects, however, is a challenging task because the governance of PPPs involves unique relationships between public and private parties as well as complex financing issues. The private sector has long history in Japan’s ODA. Japan has been utilizing the private sector though variety of ways to supplement the lack public works and maximize the impact and effectiveness in ODA.
First, this paper gives overview of how the private sector engages in the development cooperation field and what their roles are, reviewing existing literatures on private enterprises and development. It also examines the current situation of PPP. Then it narrows down to analyses on PPPs in Japan’s ODA. And finally, the paper takes a close look at what roles private sector, especially PPP, has being playing Japan’s ODA. It, finally, identify the recommendations for the future possibilities over how Japanese companies can cooperate with the government to help developing countries to develop, and how Japan can make PPP more efficient in their aid strategy. This paper contributes to the theory and practice by providing a framework for understanding how the PPP governance in Japan can be designed better.

EducationsMSc in Business, Language and Culture - Business and Development Studies, (Graduate Programme) Final Thesis
Publication date2017
Number of pages76
SupervisorsAri Kokko