Fra human til restriktiv? Innvandringspolitisk utvikling i Norge fra 1970 – 2010

Hilde Sund Carlsen

Student thesis: Master thesis

Abstract

Like many other West-European countries, Norway has experienced increased immigration over the last fifty years. The increased immigration has resulted in a new political field, immigrationand integration politics. Alongside this development the public has had different opinions on both the development and the politics. It seems as the majority of the Norwegian public believes that the politics has gone through a change over the last fifty years. The change people claim to observe is a shift from a focus on humanism and kindness in the 1970s to more restrictive and more inhumane politics since the late 1990s. The question to be answered is: How did the idea of Norwegian immigrant politics as much stricter today than in the 1970s evolve? The thesis shows how the leading impression of Norwegian immigration politics can be seen from a different angle by using the theoretical framework of Michel Foucault. This genealogical study explores the different goals, strategies and governing tools in the history of Norwegian immigration- and integration politics. There are three main tendencies that are discovered in the thesis. The first is that what appears to be a major break in Norwegian immigration politics is actually more of a continuance than of incontinency. The major goals and strategies in immigration politics are the same over the entire period. The second is that what seems to be an increase in power is actually just a change of power, even though some of the programs are using repressive power in a larger degree today than they did I the 1970s. The third observed tendency is that the rice of the Norwegian right-wing populist party and the party’s leading role in debates concerning immigration, to a certain degree has been confused with a rise in restriction in the policies. These three tendencies, probably among others, are partly the reason why there is an impression of Norwegian immigration politics as more restrictive today than fifty years ago. With that said, this thesis’ main target is not to prove the public impression wrong, just to tell another story than the one usually presented.

EducationsMSocSc in Political Communication and Managment, (Graduate Programme) Final Thesis
LanguageEnglish
Publication date2010
Number of pages78