C40's City Solutions Platform: The Study of Rio de Janeiro's Case in the Waste Management Industry and its Potential Replication

Matteo Valvason

Student thesis: Master thesis

Abstract

The thesis has studied the City Solutions Platform project held in Rio de Janeiro by C40 along with international and local partners. The main objective of the project is that of developing innovative PPPs to create climate solutions to face climate challenges and change. In the specific case of Rio de Janeiro, the CSP is focusing on the sector of waste management and its most important goal is that of demonstrating the economic feasibility of a BioMethanation Plant, that uses a highly innovative Anaerobic Digestion technology, which represent a first in the Global South. Since one of the goals of the CSP project is to scale up and reproduce its most successful activities, by studying the CSP case in Rio de Janeiro this paper has tried to answer the question of “whether the solutions adopted in the Brazilian city possesses unique elements that contribute to the novelty and effectiveness of the initiative and if it would be possible to replicate them elsewhere in the world, and more specifically in the Global South”. In order to so, Peng’s Strategy Tripod has been used to study both Brazilian external environments, through institutional theory and Porter’s Five Forces, and CSP internal environment thanks to the Resource Based View and a thorough study of the choice of using a PPP. Moreover, a comparison with Johannesburg in South Africa has been conducted through the CAGE model in order to further understand which CSP features should be replicated and which adapted. The paper was realized through a single-case study approach by using an abductive method, qualitative research, one unstructured interview and in-depth semi-structured interviews. By answering the research question, CSP organizational resources, namely C40 network, CSP methodology, framework, flexibility and co-creation process represent those innovative and unique elements that needs to be part of the replication, along with the anaerobic digestion technology, even though the latter is not owned by CSP or C40. It is further relevant to state that some advantages in the Brazilian environment have granted to the CSP the possibility to start their operation in Rio. More specifically, the national legislation, COMLURB’s legal form and the fact that Rio de Janeiro represents a best case. Further, the findings evidenced that, thanks to this project, it has been possible to identify a business model and those characteristics on which the replication will be based on were selected. It is further stated that Johannesburg will need to be identified as a case of flexible replication in which some features will be replicated, while others will be adapted.

EducationsMaster of Business, Language and Culture; Business and Devlopment, (Graduate Programme) Final Thesis
LanguageEnglish
Publication date2019
Number of pages135
SupervisorsPeter D. Ørberg Jensen