En fælles indvandringspolitik: Håndtere og kontrollere indvandringen til EU

Karina Sølling

Student thesis: Master thesis

Abstract

The demographic prospect of Europe will mean that Europe and particularly the countries of the European Union will found themselves with a shortage of labour. This is due to the nearly 40 years of low fertility rates, which has lead to a situation where there are not enough young people to take over where the baby boomers retire. This demographic trend will and is creating an urgent need for labour, which only can be found outside of the EU. It is therefore important that the EU and the member states are able to attract the labour needed from outside of the EU, which are first and foremost skilled labour within the fields of engineering as well as doctors and scientific academics. However, the economic crisis that hit Europe and the rest of the world in the summer and fall of 2008, has temporarily blurred the need for foreign labour, nevertheless, when the economic situation turns, the EU will once again find itself with shortage of labour, due to the demographic trend. There has in the last ten years been a rapid growth of immigration to the EU especially to EU countries such as Spain, Italy and Great Britain. There has since 20002 annually arrived between 1.5 and 2 million immigrants to the EU. The significant increase in immigration along with the need for foreign labour has created a situation, which calls for cooperation between the EU and the member states. It is important in order to handle the massive immigration to the EU that a common immigration policy is shaped so the issues that arises regards to immigration can efficiently be dealt with due to the internal market and the free movement of people, which are key areas of the EU. However, a main problem regarding the creation of a common immigration policy has been the animosity toward immigration from many EU member states due to immigration being a very sensitive, political topic. This reluctance toward cooperation at EU level on immigration by many EU member states has so far blocked the creation of a common immigration policy. The EU has, however, taken vital steps toward a common immigration policy, which started with the Maastricht Treaty that set up nine points in the area of freedom, security and justice, also known as Justice and Home Affairs. These nine points included immigration as important areas of cooperation; further steps were taken with the Amsterdam Treaty and the recent Treaty of Lisbon. The Lisbon Treaty has separated the different areas, which is linked to immigration into separate articles as well as defined the distribution of competences between what lies on EU level and what lies on national level, thereby making the political areas to which is dealt with in the EU, more transparent. Immigration is today placed on EU level with shared or concurrent powers with the exception of law of domestic relations and legal immigration, which are both placed at national level with the EU only having supporting powers. It is important that the EU creates a common immigration policy in order to deal with both legal and illegal immigration. Moreover, a common immigration policy will provide the tools needed to attract foreign labour, here with special focus of economic and legal migration, while at the same time be valid in the fight against illegal immigrants and the organized crime fostered by people’s dream of coming to the EU in the search of a better life. However, the success will depend on cooperation between the EU and the member states.

EducationsMA in International Business Communication (Intercultural Marketing), (Graduate Programme) Final Thesis
LanguageDanish
Publication date2010
Number of pages85