In this thesis, I study the effectiveness of governance in the intersection between public and private governance. To do this, I investigate the state of legitimacy in multi-stakeholder initiatives (MSIs) in the case of biofuel certification under the European Union’s Renewable Energy Directive (EU RED). I focus on dynamics internally and between the MSIs and examine what consequences these dynamics have for the effectiveness of governance. I choose MSIs in the case of the biofuel certification under the EU RED as MSIs represent the private part of governance and the EU RED represents the public part. I find that legitimacy can be used as a measure for the effectiveness of governance and that my case has considerable room for improvement. For the internal dynamics, I find that some MSIs focus on increased sustainability of biofuels while others work for increased market share. I also find that high or low legitimacy in a certain aspect affects the level of legitimacy in another aspect. I move on to discuss the dynamics between the MSIs and how external pressures can increase or decrease legitimacy. This results in a concrete recommendation to increase legitimacy and therefore the effectiveness of governance in my case. This builds on a holistic understanding and exact operationalization of legitimacy for benchmarking between MSIs.My thesis is unique because it creates a holistic and in-depth framework on legitimacy and compares MSIs in biofuel certification under the EU RED. I call for further research on developing and applying my analytical framework of legitimacy to other cases and to investigate how specific initiatives aimed at increasing legitimacy influence the level of legitimacy over time.
|Educations||MSocSc in Political Communication and Managment, (Graduate Programme) Final Thesis|
|Number of pages||160|