Et diskursteoretisk blik på en børnearbejdskonflikt

Bo E.G. Pedersen

Student thesis: Master thesis


The project is about the conflict that arose after Miki Mistratis film 'the dark side of chocolate' was shown in Danish television. I locate four parties in the conflict this are respectively Toms, Save the Children Denmark, Ekstra Bladet and Miki Mistrati with his film. In the project I want to work with discourse theory, and thus the political. Project's working question is: How can the conflict between Toms, Save the Children Denmark, the film 'the dark side of chocolate' and Ekstra Bladet be understood as a discursive struggle? The analysis shows that Ekstra Bladet and Save the Children Denmark are in an antagonistic relationship. The analysis also shows that Ekstra Bladet deprives Save the Children's their identity, which Ekstra Bladet partly takes over (temporarily). We can also see that Ekstra Bladet and Tom are in an agonistic relationship. This was immediately surprising (at least to me). This is due to the fact that Tom's acts as they do, on Ekstra Bladet article series, otherwise there was a possibility that it could have been an antagonistic relationship. This shows interesting enough that at least in some situations, both parties need to want the antagonistic relationship for that to happen. One aspect that is worth noting here is that Ekstra Bladet with their criticism of Toms attacks Tom's identity, but Tom manages to maintain their identity - as opposed to Save the Children Denmark. We can also see that Tom and Save the Children Denmark as a minimum have an agonistic relationship. We know that Tom's once avoided an antagonistic relationship (with Ekstra Bladet), but I cannot say whether this is again the case Save the Children Denmark or not. On the other hand through discourse theory we see that all these various different relationships are political. Through discourse theoretical analysis, we can see that the discrepancy that unfolds actually is a political struggle, a struggle of the meaning of child labor, and a struggle about what must be done to address child labor and a struggle for identity. I also show that the concept of child labor is political and that its meaning is not static but created and therefore can be changed. This means that the concept of child labor is a concept we can fight about. So the answer to the working question is, if you want to understand the conflict from the discourse theory, one must understand it as a political struggle about what child labor is. A fight that starts with two but ends up with three fronts. A fight where identities are at stake and where opponents' identities are not necessarily recognized

EducationsMSocSc in Political Communication and Managment, (Graduate Programme) Final Thesis
Publication date2014
Number of pages81