Access to Speak in Danish Politics: A Fight for Inclusion

Abbas Imad Garbia & Mark Kwateng Diasso

Student thesis: Master thesis

Abstract

This thesis sees to investigate how Danish interest organizations gain inclusion in the political arena of influence. To capture and scrutinize the subject, we conducted 60 interviews with politicians, officials, journalists and interest groups. Drawing on this research study, we were able to analyze and capture the sociality, where the groups seek influence and hereby investigate the complexity of the rules for inclusion. The study answers, what possibilities for inclusion are laid out for both small and bigger interest organizations. The thesis is divided into three main chapters. In chapter 1 we clarify the theoretical and methodological foundation of the thesis and lay out the analytical framework used in the thesis. The thesis rests upon the work of the French philosopher Michel Foucault and his view on states, civil societies and rationalities. His theories which primarily addresses the liaison between power and knowledge gives us the ability to conclude that societal structures create certain parameters that measures how the interest groups gain inclusion in the political arena. In chapter 2 we unfold a three-part analysis. First, we capture what consolidate the political arena, the sociality and the rationality of protection of interest in Denmark. Thereafter we extrapolate the rationalities into rules and study how the 60 respondents make sense of the rules. The rules for inclusion found in the thesis are: Trust, Agenda, Relationship & Dialogue, Alliances and Mobilization. The master thesis concludes that these parameters can be translated into rules dictating that interest groups must excel in at least one of them to be considered successfully included in the arena and when in, to handle their interest successfully and hereby gain access to speak in Danish politics. In chapter 3, we benchmark the top ten interest groups in Denmark we are able to build upon the prior assumption that interest groups can be divided into seven main categories. Based on the conclusion, we reach an academic quantum leap, where we can divide the top ten interest groups into three new archetypes which indicates how they gain access to the political arena. We conclude, that when interest groups accept the position given by their stakeholders, they will be given a range of possibilities to navigate and hereby gain access to speak and influence Danish politics. Additionally, this master thesis can be read as a guideline to smaller interest groups whom wishes to strengthen their ability to influence their stakeholders and thereby gain access to the political arena.

EducationsMSocSc in Political Communication and Managment, (Graduate Programme) Final Thesis
LanguageEnglish
Publication date2018
Number of pages106