The research proposal of this master thesis about the welfare reform as a determinant of the relation between state and individual arose from an observation of the reforms that have changed the structure of the state and the welfare society over the past few years. The reforms can be seen as political and administrative directives by which a welfare society in transition works. A transition through which the limits of unity of the state as well as the picture of the individuals who live in and work for society, change. Because of the reforms the government appears to be the leader of changes in a governmentalized competitive society. The welfare reform of the year 2006 is a part of this dynamic process. The first analysis of how the government makes individuals responsible, illustrated a polyphonic approach to this responsibilitation. The analysis shows how the government was aiming wide when it was steering for the individualized co-workers through a differentiated transformatic individualization process. An individualization process with an utilitarian aim in which the government can set the limit for maximation and minimation of the people and the government's strength. The other analysis shows a relation between a dominating welfare reform discourse and an oppositional discourse. The project of the oppositional discourse can be seen as a critical reflexive project with the goal of influencing the political-economical rationality of the dominating discourse. The opposition can be seen as an attempt to define and organize complex political tendencies in a constitution as a political movement with a social and joint foundation where the individual is seen as a social co-citizen. Thus can the battle between discourse and oppositional discourse in the welfare reform be seen as an ideological battle for the rationality of the welfare reform. The welfare reform is the story of a dialectical determinant relation between individual and state where the constitution of the welfare reform's governmental object, the individual, is also a constitution of the state. The welfare reform can be seen as an example of the uniting of knowledge and power in an attempt to increase the chances for certain individuals to rise.
|Educations||MSocSc in Political Communication and Managment, (Graduate Programme) Final Thesis|
|Number of pages||89|