Apportionment of Carbon emissions: Shipping industry - containership case

Michele Brecciaroli

Student thesis: Master thesis


is a reality that in the last decades has been a main concern in many companies, but the solution does not seem to be unique, since business areas are variegated and requiring different sustainable business models. Implement sustainable solution can be a competitive advantage for many companies, because it allows reducing environmental footprint, and thus being profitable and sustainable at the same time. Globalization is ushering an increasing attention by the companies, towards awareness on the environmental impact, especially carbon emission. This attention is due to the relation between carbon emission and climate changes that has awakened a “forced” attention to many companies, to be aware on their carbon emission, and to have a waning environmental footprint. This company awareness goes for all levels of supply chain, including production, transport distribution, etc. Furthermore companies are not only held responsible for the own environmental performance, but also the performance of their suppliers, subcontractors and partners are considered. I would consider IKEA, being one of the large importers of goods from Asia to Europe and to U.S. IKEA is highly concerned and committed to minimize the environmental impact of their products and their operations, which includes also their suppliers and subcontractors, IKEA Social & Environmental Responsibility Report (2006). The transport of goods accounts for 48% of the CO2 emissions caused by IKEA operations. Further, it is seen that transport by ocean freight sea accounts for 15% of the transportation, whereas road transport accounts for 70%, according to their environmental report (2006). IKEA is interested to reduce the carbon emissions from their transport door to door, thus has established a partnership with Damco (one of the world's leading providers of freight forwarding and supply chain management services,, to identify their carbon emissions from transport, with the aim to reduce the emission and the environmental impact, according to Environmental Report IKEA. To look the IKEA mentioned case, we see a customized service provided by Damco that concerns the calculation of IKEA carbon emission. For customized service it is intended, that Damco in this case has not just provided a logistic support to third companies, but it has also provided as “extra service”, information regarding the environmental impact of the logistic solution supplied to the customer. The identification of the own CO2 emission, it permits to understand and to plan where and how can be possible to lower the own CO2 emissions. The thesis aims to analyse the CO2 emission amenable to each container transported by sea freight. From this assumption it is intended to suggest the implementation in the container shipping supply chain of a system able to provide an actual CO2 emission of each containers delivered by containership

EducationsMSc in Management of Innovation and Business Development, (Graduate Programme) Final Thesis
Publication date2011
Number of pages93