Gender Leadership: Employees' Attitudes towards and Perceptions of Female & Male Leaders in Lithuanian Businesses

Greta Vasilevskyte

Student thesis: Master thesis


The aim of this paper is to analyse the prevailing attitudes towards male and female leaders in Lithuanian businesses and organizations. As of today, only limited number of studies researching this particular topic has been carried out. It was,therefore, decided to supplement the existing knowledge by providing a combination of both descriptive and quantitative analyses. In this paper, a relationship between respondent’s gender and his/her attitude and perception of a leader has been confirmed. In addition, the gender bias, stemming from respondents being more favourable towards leaders of the same sex when it comes to evaluation of their competences and characteristics, has been discovered and statistically proven. Despite men being perceived as more efficient, it is found out that on average female leaders do not have fewer competencies required for successful leadership. However, the data reveals that male leaders have several attributes that are more pronounced compared to overall balanced skill set of a female leader. Both descriptive and quantitative analysis shows strong agreement with the statement that women face barriers to leadership positions. Even though agreeing with the statement, men respondents believe that it is due to internal factors, while women refer to external factors mostly. The difference in the views is statistically proven and confirmed the hypothesis of different attitude that two genders exhibit towards their leaders.

EducationsMSocSc in Service Management, (Graduate Programme) Final Thesis
Publication date2017
Number of pages90
SupervisorsMinna Paunova