Kvindehandel i et dansk og europæisk perspektiv: En analyse af EU’s menneskehandelsdirektiv og dets konsekvenser for Danmark

Maria Lyngå Madsen

Student thesis: Master thesis


Trafficking in women in a Danish and European perspective – An analysis of the EU’s directive on human trafficking and its consequences for Denmark Each year, more than 800,000 persons are victims of human trafficking around the world. The victims are mostly women from Third World countries who are trafficked into prostitution in the Western Countries. The problem of human trafficking has recent years caused awareness among different international players and organisations, including the EU. In December 2010, the EU implemented a new directive on human trafficking which is said to be the EU’s most extensive directive on the subject so far. The directive imposes new minimum and maximum penalties for the criminals and better protection and assistance for the victims. Furthermore, it encourages the Member States to consider taking measures to criminalise the use of services of a victim, with the knowledge that he/she has been trafficked. All the Member States are affected by this directive and they will have two years to transpose it into their national laws. However, Denmark has an opt-out from the EU’s cooperation on justice and home affairs and is therefore not affected by the directive on human trafficking. If Denmark wants to take part in the directive, Denmark has to either repeal its opt-out through a referendum, change it into an opt-in model which also requires a referendum, request for a parallel agreement or establish a similar legislation in Danish law. This thesis examines the issue with a theoretical background in the interpretive hermeneutics. The thesis outlines a research question: How do representatives from the political, judicial and social life relate to the new EU directive on human trafficking, and what do they expect will be the consequences for Denmark who is not included in the EU’s judicial cooperation? This question will be answered by taking a methodical procedure based on qualitative interviews. The persons interviewed are four Danish politicians from four different political parties, a police inspector who works with human trafficking in Copenhagen and a person from a Danish NGO against women trafficking called Reden International. The persons interviewed relate very different to the EU’s directive on human trafficking. Some of them consider it to be a great step in the right direction, while others are more sceptical. In regards to their expectations for Denmark not being a part of the directive, they also take different stands. Three of the persons interviewed expect that it will have crucial impacts for Denmark in its fight against trafficking, and they fear that Denmark will be receiving more trafficked women as a direct result of not having the same legislation as the other Member States. On the contrary, two of the persons interviewed think that Denmark will be better off by composing their own legal frameworks instead of having it dictated from the EU. The analysis shows how different the persons interviewed relate to the topics according to their world-view, different experiences and horizons. To give some examples, the persons interviewed agreed that supply and demand are the two main reasons behind women trafficking. However, they disagreed when choosing which of the two reasons that have the most crucial impact on women trafficking. Three of the persons interviewed focused on the demand-side, while two persons focused on the supply-side and finally, the last person focused on the EU’s open borderlines. Also, when the persons interviewed responded to the issue of the Danish EU opt-out and whether it has an impact on the Danish actions against human trafficking, they yet again disagreed on the subject according to their political and ideological positions towards the EU. There is no unambiguous answer or one conclusion to the thesis’s research question as the thesis builds on individual interpretations from different representatives. This thesis is a contribution to the debate, and it shows the complexity of the issue concerning whether or not it will have consequences for the Danish actions against trafficking in women that Denmark is not included in the EU’s new directive on human trafficking.

EducationsMA in International Business Communication (Intercultural Marketing), (Graduate Programme) Final Thesis
Publication date2011
Number of pages144