Føderal eller funktionel? En analyse af debatten om unionsborgerskabet med udgangspunkt i Borgernes Europaår 2013

Nadia Mathilda Krarup

Student thesis: Master thesis


The decision-making process regarding the European Year of Citizens 2013 shows that the different European institutions hold different views on the EU citizenship. The Commission and The European Council consider it to be a source of concrete rights; the right to free movement in particular, while the European Economic and Social Committee and the Parliament consider it to be a means to identity building and democratization. Therefore, it is the aim of this thesis to determine, based on an examination of its foundation and development, whether the EU citizenship is a result of the right to free movement or part of a federal strategy to the uniting of the European peoples. The study of the foundation of the EU citizenship is based on an analysis of the main debates on European integration. The classic integration theories all have normative elements and strategic qualities, which is why they play a dual role as empirical material and analytical tool in this study. They serve as empirical background for the analysis on the development of the European integration process. This part of the study determines that the driving force of Monnet’s pragmatic federalism was accompanied by general declarations in line with Altiero Spinellis idealistic federalism. Using liberal and republican democratic theory, it is illustrated that Spinellis idealistic federalism includes a republican approach to the role of citizens in a European federation, while Monnet’s method, and Haas’ theorization of this method in the shape of neofunctionalism, limits civil participation to the elites. This study further indicates that the development of the EU citizenship mirrors the general development of the European integration: It emerged through functional spill-over from the establishment of a very narrow concept of free movement in the Paris Treaty to an institution comprising various rights for the European citizens in the Treaty of the European Union. This example of spill-over too was accompanied by idealistic declarations about one European people. Thereby the debate on the EU citizenship is an example of the strategic federal debate. The two positions of this debate, idealistic and pragmatic federalism, have then created the differing opinions on the role and function of the European Year of Citizens.

EducationsMA in International Business Communication (Intercultural Marketing), (Graduate Programme) Final Thesis
Publication date2013
Number of pages111