EU’s mest omstridte udvidelse: Et studie af Tyrkiets vej mod et EU-medlemskab

Daniel Fischmann

Student thesis: Master thesis


Never before has an application for EU membership caused so much debate and research as Turkey’s application has. Since the debate on the EU’s Constitutional Treaty and thus the future of the EU, there has also been a strong and highly controversial debate on Turkey's efforts to join the EU. Various phenomena and issues such as state/nation, geopolitics, security, culture and religion etc. is being used in arguments for and against membership. However, the arguments for and against membership are often intermixed. This is due to the fact that it is not clearly distinguished from which levels and areas the arguments for and against are obtained. The purpose of this thesis is to investigate Turkey’s possibilities for achieving membership on the basis of different components which can influence the outcome. These components are security policy, democracy and human rights, and culture and religion. In addition the purpose is also to investigate the three components both individually and in a larger context, because as mentioned previously the arguments and phenomena often are mixed together. Thus in the end be able to give a realistic estimate of possibility of membership. With the use of a literature review of several published articles, all concerning the three components; security policy, democracy and human rights, and culture and religion, this thesis will initially present the reader with an understanding of; the theory used in the three different components with relevance to the possibility of membership, the history of Turkey with a perspective on Europe and the EU, and finally a review of the accession negotiations with Turkey. Later on the theory will be applied in order to analyse the components and the subsequent possibility for membership and lastly the conclusions of this analysis are discussed in order to look at the possible future impact that a Turkish membership will have regionally, globally, on the EU internally and on Turkey itself. Based on the literature review and the analysis it is evident that time is still on Turkey’s side because as long as the EU do not stop the negotiations the country has an opportunity to join the EU. The integration of Turkey is already in progress and is difficult to stop again. Security politically Turkey is probably going to be an asset for the EU and additionally concerning Turkey’s international relations the country is on track towards membership although there are still major obstacles that need to be resolved. Democracy and human rights policy are the largest obstacles that need to be resolved, however Turkey is moving in the right direction. In the end Turkish PM, Recep Tayip Erdogan, and the AKP (Turkish: Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi, English: Justice and Development Party) government must continue to convince the Turkish population about the benefits of European integration while the EU on the other side must be prepared to see Turkey as a benefit and not a disadvantage. Both the EU and Turkey must be ready to change their self-understandings and, respectively, be ready to include, and be a part of a larger cultural entity. It is clear that Turkey's culture and religion will play a big role in successful application, even if it is not part of the official requirements for accession. The effect of Turkish membership will affect the future of both the EU and Turkey internally but also have affects regionally and globally

EducationsMA in International Business Communication (Intercultural Marketing), (Graduate Programme) Final Thesis
Publication date2010
Number of pages70