EU - forenet i mangfoldighed? En analyse af tre medlemslandes tilhørsforhold til EU

Mie Amanda Ruhwald

Student thesis: Master thesis

Abstract

EU -­‐ United in diversity – an analysis of three member states affiliation to the EU The world spread financial crisis has evolved into a debt crisis for some of the member states in the EU. Especially the economic problems in Greece have caused problems for the rest of the EU, the socalled Euro crisis. The question regarding this assignment; is whether the problem goes beyond the economic problems and rather lies in the lack of solidarity within the EU borders. In order to examine this question three different member states have been taken into the analysis, and they are Germany, Greece and the United Kingdom. In order to further examine the thesis to the right extend, three theorists will be included to bring more colour to the paper. The EU has taken a range of measures in order to try to create a European Identity, and in that way create more solidarity among the citizens in the member states. One of these measures is the single currency, the Euro. The foundation of the Euro is the European Monetary Union (EMU), which is created on a German initiative. The Greek economy has especially suffered from the economic crisis, and as Greece is a member of the Eurozone this has put strain on the construction of the EMU. Further measures have been taken to avoid a similar situation in the future. The three different member states taken into analysis in this paper are very different from each other, though they play a big role in the daily EU debate. For this paper they deliver the best insight in the EU, because of their differences. Greece is a big issue, because it is the member state where the Euro crisis is said to originate from. Germany is an important member state, as it is the member state with the largest and strongest economy within the EU. The United Kingdom is also important in the debate, as the British people are the most sceptical of the EU. In order to explain why the member states’ views on the EU vary to the extent they do, the social models have been examined. The United Kingdom has a long tradition of liberalism, which means that it is a task of the state to secure the citizens. This is also reflected in the social model in the United Kingdom that is developed under the influence of the Beveridge report. It states that the British people are entitled to benefits, but only to maintain a minimum level of existence. Germany is contrary to the United Kingdom. Germany’s social model is developed under the influence of Otto von Bismarck. It is the social model that is most common in Europe. In this model the state is not involved in the benefits. The citizen secures himself through pensions, and the benefits are separated from the taxes. It is decided from the state that the citizen has to be a member of a pension scheme, though. In Greece most of the benefits go to state pensions. In this model it is the family that provide for the citizen in need. The state is not responsible for the citizen to maintain a certain living standard. The problem has to be solved as close to the citizen as possible. There is a high degree of job security in Greece, which hampers the flexibility and is often reflected by a high degree of unemployment. It is hard to get a new job, when you first are fired, as the companies are reluctant to hire. This can contribute to problems in the Greek economy. The lack of solidarity within the EU can be explained by these three member states and their differences. The United Kingdom is not willing to loose more sovereignty, and they are prepared to vote on the United Kingdoms’ future in the EU. They do not feel they signed up for the path they feel the EU is heading. Germany on the other hand feel that there should be implemented more reforms in the economic area, which will lead to a harmonization of the member states economic and fiscal policies. Germany would like to implement the same reforms in Greece that were implemented in Germany in the early 00’s. The Greek citizens are reluctant to pass more sovereignty to the EU, as they are afraid to have to implement more reforms. They see the Germans as the bad guys, as the only thing that is on the Germans’ minds is to rule the Greek economy. The German citizens on the other hand is reluctant to help Greece with more aid packages, as they see the Greek citizens as lazy and reluctant to do what is necessary to the poor Greek economy.

EducationsMA in International Business Communication (Intercultural Marketing), (Graduate Programme) Final Thesis
LanguageDanish
Publication date2013
Number of pages69