En analyse af kønsligestillingen på arbejdsmarkedet: Særligt med fokus på positive foranstaltninger og human kapitalens indvirken

Rikke Jensen

Student thesis: Master thesis

Abstract

In over 30 years Denmark and EU have been focusing on gender equality in the labor market, but there is still not equality in the workplace. In the top positions, there are more men than women and there is also a visible wage gap. This thesis will analyze the legal basis for gender equality in the labor market in Denmark, and in particular the use of positive measures to promote it. Copenhagen University has made an action plan, to recruit more female professors. The action plan is a positive measures and the thesis will use this action plan as an example. The thesis will also analyze how the human capital theory is used, to explain the discrimination and wage gap between men and women. There is no doubt that there is a difference between men and women, as they have different human capital. The human capital is endogenous and we decide on our own, how much education we want and what we will use our human capital for. However when a woman cannot get to the top of the hierarchy, even though she wants to and is suitable for the position, it is a matter of discrimination. Discrimination can mean the return of the investment in human capital is low and because the return is low, the women don’t want to spend time raising their human capital and therefore end up in lower positions than the men. Because of the discrimination we need legislation and the thesis analyzes this legislation. Not only are there a greater number of men at the top of business than women, these men are also in average paid more than the few women, who are in the same positions. This task will examine and analyze this wage gap relative to human capital. In order to integrate the legal and economic aspects of the thesis, it will be analyzed if human capital theory has an effect on men and women's choice of career. Human capital may help to explain some of the differences there are between men and women. The questions are wether the action plans, like the one Copenhagen University have made, are in accordance with the applicable law and how human capital can be used to explain the discrimination and wage gap. This thesis will try to enlighten this subject.

EducationsMSc in Commercial Law, (Graduate Programme) Final Thesis
LanguageDanish
Publication date2013
Number of pages95