Opfattelsen af suverænitet i Frankrig og Storbritannien og dets betydning for den sikkerhedspolitiske integration inden for EU

Maj Lervad Grasten

Student thesis: Master thesis

Abstract

How can different perceptions of sovereignty influence a Member States’ approach to a further integration within the area of security policy? In the following, I will demonstrate how France and Great Britain perceive and conceptualise their national sovereignties in a way that their political actors set up a belief system or a frame of meaning within which they conceptualise different meanings of ‘Europe’. The perception of sovereignty is fundamental for a state’s political identity and culture and is the basis from which the political actors form their interests and structure their actions. As France and Great Britain have different perceptions of sovereignty, the frame of meaning that the political actors work within is therefore different from one another. As a result, France and Great Britain does not perceive ‘Europe’, the role of the European Union or the EU’s ‘place in the world’ in the same way. Whereas France does not perceive the supranational nature of the EU as a threat but rather as a means to strengthen its role in the international system, the British political actors conceive the EU as a threat to its national sovereignty and relies on its special relationship with the US in security matters. This is one of the fundamental reasons why France is more interested in vesting part of its autonomy in a European security community whereas Great Britain favors a transatlantic security community rather than a strictly European defence policy. As France and Great Britain (the two most important military powers within the EU) have fundamentally different conceptions of EU and a common security and defense policy – conceptions that are deeply embedded in their political identities and cultures ‐ the question is: Will the EU ever be a global security actor with military capacity?

EducationsMA in International Business Communication (Intercultural Marketing), (Graduate Programme) Final Thesis
LanguageDanish
Publication date2009
Number of pages123