Kristendommen og EU: En analyse af den politiske debat om referencen til kristendommen i EU-forfatningens præambel

Ewa Angela Klos

Student thesis: Master thesis


The purpose of this thesis is to identify, analyze and discuss the arguments presented in the political debate about whether or not the EU Constitution should mention Christianity explicitly as a cultural heritage of Europe. The discussion about the European identity started long before the process of creating the EU Constitution. Politicians, governments, churches, and the media were questioning the values of the EU, and the debate culminated when the Constitution Committee was to pass the decision, if the preamble of the EU Constitution should include a reference to Christianity. It is the analysis of the pro and contra arguments for this question that constitutes the main objective of the thesis. To identify the single arguments in the debate the author used the Toulmin Model of Argument that helps to identify and map all parts of the argument itself. In the beginning of the research the author made the assumption that Human Rights are the one set of European values, all parties in the discussion agreed upon. Some argued that Christianity had played a major role in the creation of the Human Rights, and it was therefore necessary to identify the possible connection between the two. For this part of the analysis the author used a diachronic approach to the history of ideas research field. Due to the complexity of the various perspectives in the debate, which the author recognized as being a result of the different group‟s own culture, history and identity, it is not possible to conclude whether the EU Constitution should or should not mention Christianity explicitly. However after the analysis, the author argues that there is indeed a strong link between the values of Christianity and those of Human Rights and European values in general. The author would therefore recommend the Constitution Committee to include a reference to Christianity. Such a reference would, in the author‟s opinion, reflect a strong European self understanding and thereby emphasize the principles behind the values promoted by the EU.

EducationsMA in International Business Communication (Intercultural Marketing), (Graduate Programme) Final Thesis
Publication date2010
Number of pages60