This paper investigates how early internationalization is impacted by certain pre-founding innovation activities of an academic spin-off’s team. Framed in the imprinting, experiential knowledge and network literatures, we combine and assess patent analysis with survey data. Our findings link the founding teams’ pre-foundation R&D and customer collaborations to early exports. We also show that pre-foundation involvement in these various forms of collaboration, as well as a diverse stock of prior technical knowledge, can compensate for a lack of business experience in the team. The results also show that prior business experience does not predict very early export (within three years). Our results offer fresh insight to the international business and international entrepreneurship literatures, and implications for policy development. In particular, international R&D collaborations at public research institutions should be fostered to allow academic spin-offs the greatest potential for early internationalization of their technology.
|Number of pages||28|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|
|Event||The Academy of Management Annual Meeting 2015: Opening Governance - Vancouver, Canada|
Duration: 7 Aug 2015 → 11 Aug 2015
Conference number: 75
|Conference||The Academy of Management Annual Meeting 2015|
|Period||07/08/2015 → 11/08/2015|
Bibliographical noteCBS Library does not have access to the material
- Academic spin-off
- Early internationalization
Walter, A., Ritter, T., Coviello, N., & Otte, N. (2015). Who Needs Business Experience? How Pre-Foundation Innovation Activities Impact Early Exports. Paper presented at The Academy of Management Annual Meeting 2015, Vancouver, Canada.