What Is the Value of a Star When Choosing a Provider for Total Joint Replacement? A Discrete Choice Experiment

Adam Schwartz, Kathleen Yost, Kevin J. Bozic, David A. Etzioni, T. S. Raghu, Irfan Kanat

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


The past decade witnessed a rapid rise in the public reporting of surgeon- and hospital-specific quality-of-care measures. However, patients’ interpretations of star ratings and their importance relative to other considerations (for example, cost, distance traveled) are poorly understood. We conducted a discrete choice experiment in an outpatient setting (an academic joint arthroplasty practice) to study trade-offs that patients are willing to make in choosing a provider for a hypothetical total joint arthroplasty. Two hundred consecutive new patients presenting for hip or knee pain in 2018 were included. The average patient was willing to pay $2,607 and $3,152 extra for an additional hospital or physician star, respectively, and an extra $11.45 to not travel an extra mile for arthroplasty care. History of prior surgery and prior experience with rating systems reduced the relative value of an incremental star by $539.25 and $934.50, respectively. Patients appear willing to accept significantly higher copayments for higher quality of care, and surgeon quality seems relatively more important than hospital quality. Further study is needed to understand the value and trust patients place in publicly reported hospital and surgeon quality ratings.
Original languageEnglish
JournalHealth Affairs
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)138-145
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021


  • Ratings
  • Surgery
  • Quality of care
  • Hospital quality
  • Health care
  • Providers
  • Surgeons
  • Out-of-pocket expenses
  • Clinics
  • Physician
  • Payment
  • Medicaid services

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