What Does it Take to be a Changemaker? A Comprehensive Review of Social Entrepreneurship Competences

Anne-Karen Hueske, Kai Hockerts

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The growing interest in social entrepreneurship has led to a nascent research interest into social entrepreneurship competences. This paper is the first to systematically review this research, examining studies on the competencies needed for social and sustainable entrepreneurship. Our review results in the synthesis of three competence groups: impact competences (analytical competence to understand wicked problems, future thinking competence, impact assessment competence, normative competence, commitment competence), entrepreneurship competences (problem solving competence, opportunity identification competence, action competence under uncertainty, opportunity exploitation competence, innovation diffusion competence) and engagement competences (perspective-taking competence, interpersonal communication competence, stakeholder commitment competence, participatory competence, tensions management competence). Our findings provide several avenues for future research. Comprehensive measurement scales are required to research dependencies and trade-offs among competences, the level of competences needed by whom at which stage and on what level of competence, their impact on the economic, ecologic and social performance of the venture, on its governance structure and its entrepreneurial ecosystem.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Eighty-second Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management
EditorsSonja Taneja
Number of pages1
Place of PublicationBriarcliff Manor, NY
PublisherAcademy of Management
Publication date2022
Publication statusPublished - 2022
EventThe Academy of Management Annual Meeting 2022: Creating a Better World Together - Seattle, United States
Duration: 5 Aug 20229 Aug 2022
Conference number: 82


ConferenceThe Academy of Management Annual Meeting 2022
Country/TerritoryUnited States
Internet address
SeriesAcademy of Management Proceedings

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