What Are the Antecedents of Collaboration Intensity between Industry and Universities in Public Subsidized Projects?

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    University-industry collaboration has attracted in the last decades an increasing attention both from scholars and public policy. An increasing number of national and European programs has been designed to increase public-private collaboration. The extensive literature on University Industry relationship shows that links with university have an important impact on the economic sphere in terms of increased sales, higher research productivity and patenting activity for firms.
    Previous literature on the determinants of university-industry pointed out that innovation strategy dimensions such as openness and signaling through patents are important factors that explain propensity to engage in such collaborations. Empirical investigations mainly employed two sources to test these hypotheses: CIS survey, mostly at the national level, and Framework Programs data. Survey design allows to construct indicators and proxies for managerial strategy and perceptions. On the other hand, it does not offer a clear picture of collaboration portfolio and the true extent to which organizations collaborate. Data on collaboration at the European level allows for construction of panel data and clearly defines the set of collaborators, but by focusing on a single program, the EU Framework Program, such literature introduce biases in terms of selection. In addition, such data suffer from limitations in terms of variables at the firm levels, such as patent data or other proxy for search strategy, that are relevant for explaining firms’ decision to engage in university-industry collaboration.
    This paper contribute to the antecedents of U-I collaboration by investigating whether a scientific oriented knowledge base is an important factor for explaining the intensity of collaborations. In line with the theory, we expect that science based firms are better positioned to gain from this collaboration because of superior absorptive capabilities and alignment of incentives. We address this question exploiting a unique dataset that incorporate all public funded projects in Denmark, ranging from regional to European level from 2008 to 2012. We merge it with Danish Register Data and Patent Data from the European Patent office. The richness of Danish data offer the possibility to unambiguously connect with financial data, educational composition of labor force composition. First, this setting offer a clear picture of the portfolio of collaborators and the relative relevance of university partners. Second, register and patent data allows to analyze both firms’ characteristics and search strategy.
    We perform a cross sectional econometric analysis to investigate the impact of the degree of scientific involvement, as proxied by the pattern of citations, on the intensity of university industry collaboration, in terms of share of university collaborators. We control for program fixed effect and previous co-patenting with university. We expect a positive relationship between scientific orientation and intensity of collaboration with universities.
    Original languageEnglish
    Publication dateJan 2015
    Number of pages16
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2015
    EventDRUID Academy Conference 2015 - Hotel Comwell Sport Rebild Bakker, Aalborg, Denmark
    Duration: 21 Jan 201523 Jan 2015
    Conference number: 36


    ConferenceDRUID Academy Conference 2015
    LocationHotel Comwell Sport Rebild Bakker
    Internet address

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