Voluntarism: Promises of Proximity as Articulated by Changing Moral Elites

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    171 Downloads (Pure)


    The article analyzes the varied meanings historically associated with concepts of voluntarism in relation to social relief as they were articulated by changing moral elites in Denmark from the late nineteenth century until the present. Concepts of voluntarism have historically constituted “normative counterconcepts” that link voluntary practices to desired futures in opposition to alternative modes of organizing. The “proximity” of voluntarism vis-à-vis the “distance” of the state has always been a core meaning, but the concept has drifted across the political spectrum from its first articulation by nineteenth-century conservative Christians to its rediscovery by leftist social researchers in the late twentieth century. Paradoxically, the welfare state helped “proximity” become a core meaning, in contrast to its original social-conservative meaning emphasizing proximity and distance.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalContributions to the History of Concepts
    Issue number2
    Pages (from-to)80–104
    Number of pages25
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020


    • Conceptual history
    • Counterconcepts
    • Elites
    • Moral elites
    • Social work
    • Voluntarism
    • Welfare state

    Cite this