Value Chain Restructuring, Work Organization and Labour Outcomes in Football Manufacturing in India

Navjote Khara, Peter Lund-Thomsen

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


    This article seeks to understand why developing country suppliers internalize or outsource labour-intensive aspects of production as well as how these internalization/externalization processes affect working conditions in export-orientated industries in the global South. In order to achieve this aim, the article develops a new analytical framework based upon the global value chain approach. Applying this framework to the football manufacturing industry of Jalandhar, India, the article concludes that value chain restructuring produces both new forms of work organization and highly gendered outcomes for labour in this industry.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalCompetition and Change
    Issue number4
    Pages (from-to)261-280
    Publication statusPublished - 2012


    • Value Chains
    • Work Structure
    • Production Standards
    • Sporting Goods Industry
    • Football
    • Developing Countries

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