Understanding the Rise in Life Expectancy Inequality

Gordon B. Dahl, Claus Thustrup Kreiner, Thomas Heien Nielsen, Benjamin Ly Serena*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

We provide a novel decomposition of changing gaps in life expectancy between rich and poor into differential changes in age-specific mortality rates and differences in “survivability”. Declining age-specific mortality rates increases life expectancy, but the gain is small if the likelihood of living to this age is small (ex-ante survivability) or if the expected remaining lifetime is short (ex-post survivability). Lower survivability of the poor explains half of the recent rise in inequality in the US and the entire rise in Denmark. Declines in cardiovascular mortality benefited rich and poor, but inequality increased because of differences in lifestyle-related survivability.
Original languageEnglish
JournalReview of Economics and Statistics
Number of pages33
ISSN0034-6535
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Dec 2021

Bibliographical note

Epub ahead of print. Published online: 20 December 2021.

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