The aim of this article is to provide a systematic presentation of Slavoj Žižek's reflections on belief and hereby to indicate his relevance for a philosophy of religion. The article begins with a brief introduction to Žižek's basic philosophical concern and a theological contextualization of his thinking from the perspective of this concern. This is followed by an exposition of his concept of belief. The starting point of this exposition is Freud's reflections on fetishism and disavowal that form the background for Žižek’s analysis of belief in modern secular society and as structural conditions of the human consciousness. Subsequently, the article presents Žižek's reflections on belief as reflective in terms ‘displaced belief’ in ‘the other who is supposed to believe’. It is demonstrated here how Žižek operates with a distinction between an ‘imaginary’ belief that is structured like the fetishistic disavowal and a ‘symbolic’ unconscious belief in belief as such. The final section of the article sheds light on Žižek's view of atheism and his introduction of a third form of ‘atheistic belief’, while considering whether this kind of belief belongs to the register of the ‘real’.
|Number of pages||19|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|
- Slavoj Žižek
- The Real
- The Other