Tribe and Village in African Organizations and Business

Simon Ulrik Kragh

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to show that organizational behaviour and business relations in African countries reflect preindustrial social norms typical of kinship based, rural communities such as in-group/out-group differentiation, reliance on kinship and the use of gift-exchange to create and strengthen social bonds.
    Design/methodology/approach – Two books on African management are interpreted using anthropological and sociological theory as the analytical perspective.
    Findings – The analysis of the two works suggests that the preindustrial patterns described in the anthropological literature play a central role in African management and business.
    Practical implications – The paper concludes that manager should recognize the negative effects that may follow from a rejection of these socio-cultural patterns of behaviour.
    Originality/value – It introduces Marshall Sahlins’ theory of social distance and reciprocity showing how this theory explains behaviours in and between African organizations.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalPersonnel Review
    Volume45
    Issue number1
    Pages (from-to)51-66
    Number of pages16
    ISSN0048-3486
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

    Keywords

    • Anthropology
    • Culture
    • Gifts
    • In group out group
    • Kinship
    • Qualitative

    Cite this

    Kragh, Simon Ulrik. / Tribe and Village in African Organizations and Business. In: Personnel Review. 2016 ; Vol. 45, No. 1. pp. 51-66.
    @article{97c5c59b2e1d424282db0513d09eda46,
    title = "Tribe and Village in African Organizations and Business",
    abstract = "Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to show that organizational behaviour and business relations in African countries reflect preindustrial social norms typical of kinship based, rural communities such as in-group/out-group differentiation, reliance on kinship and the use of gift-exchange to create and strengthen social bonds. Design/methodology/approach – Two books on African management are interpreted using anthropological and sociological theory as the analytical perspective. Findings – The analysis of the two works suggests that the preindustrial patterns described in the anthropological literature play a central role in African management and business. Practical implications – The paper concludes that manager should recognize the negative effects that may follow from a rejection of these socio-cultural patterns of behaviour. Originality/value – It introduces Marshall Sahlins’ theory of social distance and reciprocity showing how this theory explains behaviours in and between African organizations.",
    keywords = "Anthropology, Culture, Gifts, In group out group, Kinship, Qualitative., Anthropology, Culture, Gifts, In group out group, Kinship, Qualitative",
    author = "Kragh, {Simon Ulrik}",
    year = "2016",
    doi = "10.1108/PR-08-2012-0140",
    language = "English",
    volume = "45",
    pages = "51--66",
    journal = "Personnel Review",
    issn = "0048-3486",
    publisher = "JAI Press",
    number = "1",

    }

    Tribe and Village in African Organizations and Business. / Kragh, Simon Ulrik.

    In: Personnel Review, Vol. 45, No. 1, 2016, p. 51-66.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Tribe and Village in African Organizations and Business

    AU - Kragh, Simon Ulrik

    PY - 2016

    Y1 - 2016

    N2 - Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to show that organizational behaviour and business relations in African countries reflect preindustrial social norms typical of kinship based, rural communities such as in-group/out-group differentiation, reliance on kinship and the use of gift-exchange to create and strengthen social bonds. Design/methodology/approach – Two books on African management are interpreted using anthropological and sociological theory as the analytical perspective. Findings – The analysis of the two works suggests that the preindustrial patterns described in the anthropological literature play a central role in African management and business. Practical implications – The paper concludes that manager should recognize the negative effects that may follow from a rejection of these socio-cultural patterns of behaviour. Originality/value – It introduces Marshall Sahlins’ theory of social distance and reciprocity showing how this theory explains behaviours in and between African organizations.

    AB - Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to show that organizational behaviour and business relations in African countries reflect preindustrial social norms typical of kinship based, rural communities such as in-group/out-group differentiation, reliance on kinship and the use of gift-exchange to create and strengthen social bonds. Design/methodology/approach – Two books on African management are interpreted using anthropological and sociological theory as the analytical perspective. Findings – The analysis of the two works suggests that the preindustrial patterns described in the anthropological literature play a central role in African management and business. Practical implications – The paper concludes that manager should recognize the negative effects that may follow from a rejection of these socio-cultural patterns of behaviour. Originality/value – It introduces Marshall Sahlins’ theory of social distance and reciprocity showing how this theory explains behaviours in and between African organizations.

    KW - Anthropology

    KW - Culture

    KW - Gifts

    KW - In group out group

    KW - Kinship

    KW - Qualitative.

    KW - Anthropology

    KW - Culture

    KW - Gifts

    KW - In group out group

    KW - Kinship

    KW - Qualitative

    UR - http://sfx-45cbs.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/45cbs?url_ver=Z39.88-2004&url_ctx_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&ctx_enc=info:ofi/enc:UTF-8&ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rfr_id=info:sid/sfxit.com:azlist&sfx.ignore_date_threshold=1&rft.object_id=954921364525&rft.object_portfolio_id=&svc.holdings=yes&svc.fulltext=yes

    U2 - 10.1108/PR-08-2012-0140

    DO - 10.1108/PR-08-2012-0140

    M3 - Journal article

    VL - 45

    SP - 51

    EP - 66

    JO - Personnel Review

    JF - Personnel Review

    SN - 0048-3486

    IS - 1

    ER -