Tourism Xenophilia: Examining Attraction to Foreignness

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Individuals have demonstrated an attraction toward foreignness, which, arguably, constitutes a central reason to travel. Drawing on research from social and evolutionary psychology, the authors provide the first investigation of tourism xenophilia (TXI), which we define as individuals’ attraction toward the perceived foreignness of destinations. Across three studies, the authors conceptualize, develop, and apply a reliable, valid, and parsimonious TXI scale. The results show that TXI explains several important tourist and resident behaviors, such as willingness to engage with locals, willingness to stay at a bed-and-breakfast, intention to try local food, resident hospitality, support for immigration policies, and travel to foreign destinations. The authors also empirically investigate three key antecedents of TXI: promotion focus, boredom proneness, and mind-wandering. Finally, implications for academics and practitioners are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Travel Research
Number of pages16
ISSN0047-2875
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Nov 2019

Bibliographical note

Epub ahead of print. Published online: November 8, 2019

Keywords

  • Tourism xenophilia
  • Tourist behavior
  • Evolutionary psychology
  • Fundamental motives
  • Intergroup bias

Cite this

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title = "Tourism Xenophilia: Examining Attraction to Foreignness",
abstract = "Individuals have demonstrated an attraction toward foreignness, which, arguably, constitutes a central reason to travel. Drawing on research from social and evolutionary psychology, the authors provide the first investigation of tourism xenophilia (TXI), which we define as individuals’ attraction toward the perceived foreignness of destinations. Across three studies, the authors conceptualize, develop, and apply a reliable, valid, and parsimonious TXI scale. The results show that TXI explains several important tourist and resident behaviors, such as willingness to engage with locals, willingness to stay at a bed-and-breakfast, intention to try local food, resident hospitality, support for immigration policies, and travel to foreign destinations. The authors also empirically investigate three key antecedents of TXI: promotion focus, boredom proneness, and mind-wandering. Finally, implications for academics and practitioners are discussed.",
keywords = "Tourism xenophilia, Tourist behavior, Evolutionary psychology, Fundamental motives, Intergroup bias, Tourism xenophilia, Tourist behavior, Evolutionary psychology, Fundamental motives, Intergroup bias",
author = "N{\o}rfelt, {Astrid Warncke} and Florian Kock and Alexander Josiassen",
note = "Epub ahead of print. Published online: November 8, 2019",
year = "2019",
month = "11",
day = "8",
doi = "10.1177/0047287519883037",
language = "English",
journal = "Journal of Travel Research",
issn = "0047-2875",
publisher = "Sage Publications, Inc.",

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Tourism Xenophilia : Examining Attraction to Foreignness. / Nørfelt, Astrid Warncke; Kock, Florian; Josiassen, Alexander.

In: Journal of Travel Research, 08.11.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Tourism Xenophilia

T2 - Examining Attraction to Foreignness

AU - Nørfelt, Astrid Warncke

AU - Kock, Florian

AU - Josiassen, Alexander

N1 - Epub ahead of print. Published online: November 8, 2019

PY - 2019/11/8

Y1 - 2019/11/8

N2 - Individuals have demonstrated an attraction toward foreignness, which, arguably, constitutes a central reason to travel. Drawing on research from social and evolutionary psychology, the authors provide the first investigation of tourism xenophilia (TXI), which we define as individuals’ attraction toward the perceived foreignness of destinations. Across three studies, the authors conceptualize, develop, and apply a reliable, valid, and parsimonious TXI scale. The results show that TXI explains several important tourist and resident behaviors, such as willingness to engage with locals, willingness to stay at a bed-and-breakfast, intention to try local food, resident hospitality, support for immigration policies, and travel to foreign destinations. The authors also empirically investigate three key antecedents of TXI: promotion focus, boredom proneness, and mind-wandering. Finally, implications for academics and practitioners are discussed.

AB - Individuals have demonstrated an attraction toward foreignness, which, arguably, constitutes a central reason to travel. Drawing on research from social and evolutionary psychology, the authors provide the first investigation of tourism xenophilia (TXI), which we define as individuals’ attraction toward the perceived foreignness of destinations. Across three studies, the authors conceptualize, develop, and apply a reliable, valid, and parsimonious TXI scale. The results show that TXI explains several important tourist and resident behaviors, such as willingness to engage with locals, willingness to stay at a bed-and-breakfast, intention to try local food, resident hospitality, support for immigration policies, and travel to foreign destinations. The authors also empirically investigate three key antecedents of TXI: promotion focus, boredom proneness, and mind-wandering. Finally, implications for academics and practitioners are discussed.

KW - Tourism xenophilia

KW - Tourist behavior

KW - Evolutionary psychology

KW - Fundamental motives

KW - Intergroup bias

KW - Tourism xenophilia

KW - Tourist behavior

KW - Evolutionary psychology

KW - Fundamental motives

KW - Intergroup bias

U2 - 10.1177/0047287519883037

DO - 10.1177/0047287519883037

M3 - Journal article

JO - Journal of Travel Research

JF - Journal of Travel Research

SN - 0047-2875

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