Three Different Ways to Skin a Cat: Financialization in the Emergence of National e-ID Solutions

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The growing phenomenon of financialization influences an array of societal dimensions that go beyond the economic realm, to include public policy-making and information technology (IT). This study presents a cross-country analysis of the emergence of national electronic identification (e-ID) solutions as the result of interaction between the financial and the public sector in Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. Drawing on on-line sources, documents, and interviews with key actors in the three cases, we adopt a cross-disciplinary perspective by applying the lens of collective action theory to identify the role of interests, resources, and governance in the emergence of national e-ID solutions. Findings show that different governance solutions can emerge as the result of the convergence of interests and of interdependency of resources between the actors over time. We contribute to research on financialization and IT by proposing a dialectic process model and identifying five mechanisms that drive the process forward.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Information Technology
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)70–83
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018

Bibliographical note

Published online: 24. April 2017


  • Financialization
  • e-ID
  • Collective action
  • Cross-country comparison
  • Case study

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