The Two Regimes of Postwar Shipping: Denmark and Norway as Case Studies, 1960–2010

Martin Jes Iversen, Stig Tenold

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    The aim of this article is to illustrate the most important changes in the regulatory framework of the shipping sector from the 1960s to 2010, and to analyse the basis for, and effects of, these changes. In order to explain how the transformation has occurred, we use two traditional maritime nations—Denmark and Norway—as case studies. First, we introduce the two regimes of Danish and Norwegian shipping: ‘the national regime’ from the early 1960s to the mid-1970s; and ‘the competitive regime’, which was fully established by the middle of the 1990s and still persists. Then, we briefly sketch the bargaining that accompanied the shift from the national regime to the competitive regime. Specifically, we show that the new regime primarily accommodated the interests of private actors such as shipping companies, rather than the interests of the authorities and the trade unions.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalInternational Journal of Maritime History
    Issue number4
    Pages (from-to)720-733
    Number of pages13
    Publication statusPublished - 2014


    • Denmark
    • maritime Policy
    • Norway
    • Postwar Shipping
    • Regime

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