The Taoist Spirit of Haier: The Metaphor of Sea Based on the Symbolism of Water

Peter Ping Li, Steven Shijin Zhou, Abby Jingzi Zhou

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article


    It is unusual for any speech to maintain strong influence over the general strategies of an organization and the behavior of its employees over time. ‘Haier Is a Sea’, presented by Zhang Ruimin, the chief executive officer (CEO) of Haier, more than twenty years ago, is an exception. This commentary identifies the core features of sea as a metaphor, explores the philosophical roots of this metaphor, and discusses the implications.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalManagement and Organization Review
    Issue number4
    Pages (from-to)803-806
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

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