The Role of Institutions and Networks in Firms' Offshoring Decisions

Simone Moriconi, Giovanni Peri, Dario Pozzoli

Research output: Working paperResearch

Abstract

The offshoring of production by multinational firms has expanded dramatically in recent decades, increasing the potential for economic growth and technological transfers. What determines the location of such offshore production? How do the policies and characteristics of countries affect these decisions? Do firms choose specific countries because of their policies or because they are more familiar with them? In this paper, we use a very rich dataset on Danish firms to analyze how their decisions regarding offshore production depend on institutional characteristics and firm-specific bilateral connections with these countries. We find that institutions that enhance investor protections and reduce corruption increase the probability of offshoring, while those that introduce regulatory constraints in the labor market discourage it. We also show that offshoring activities are more likely for firms that have developed networks in the country of destination.
The offshoring of production by multinational firms has expanded dramatically in recent decades, increasing the potential for economic growth and technological transfers. What determines the location of such offshore production? How do the policies and characteristics of countries affect these decisions? Do firms choose specific countries because of their policies or because they are more familiar with them? In this paper, we use a very rich dataset on Danish firms to analyze how their decisions regarding offshore production depend on institutional characteristics and firm-specific bilateral connections with these countries. We find that institutions that enhance investor protections and reduce corruption increase the probability of offshoring, while those that introduce regulatory constraints in the labor market discourage it. We also show that offshoring activities are more likely for firms that have developed networks in the country of destination.
LanguageEnglish
Place of PublicationFrederiksberg
PublisherCopenhagen Business School, CBS
Number of pages49
StatePublished - 2018
SeriesWorking Paper / Department of Economics. Copenhagen Business School
Number4-2018

Keywords

  • Offshoring
  • Product market
  • Labor regulations
  • Network
  • Fixed costs

Cite this

Moriconi, S., Peri, G., & Pozzoli, D. (2018). The Role of Institutions and Networks in Firms' Offshoring Decisions. Frederiksberg: Copenhagen Business School, CBS. Working Paper / Department of Economics. Copenhagen Business School, No. 4-2018
Moriconi, Simone ; Peri, Giovanni ; Pozzoli, Dario . / The Role of Institutions and Networks in Firms' Offshoring Decisions. Frederiksberg : Copenhagen Business School, CBS, 2018. (Working Paper / Department of Economics. Copenhagen Business School; No. 4-2018).
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Moriconi, S, Peri, G & Pozzoli, D 2018 'The Role of Institutions and Networks in Firms' Offshoring Decisions' Copenhagen Business School, CBS, Frederiksberg.

The Role of Institutions and Networks in Firms' Offshoring Decisions. / Moriconi, Simone; Peri, Giovanni; Pozzoli, Dario .

Frederiksberg : Copenhagen Business School, CBS, 2018.

Research output: Working paperResearch

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Moriconi S, Peri G, Pozzoli D. The Role of Institutions and Networks in Firms' Offshoring Decisions. Frederiksberg: Copenhagen Business School, CBS. 2018.