The Neither-and Solution to Paradox: Inspirations from Buddhism, Quantum Physics, and James March

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The mainstream perspective on organizational paradox is underpinned by a both/and thinking, i.e., striving to achieve both of two opposite things. Yet, pursuing contradictory objectives simultaneously is not an easy task to do, which often leads to stress. From a Buddhist perspective, any human suffering (including stress) is caused by one’s desire for more (e.g., more than one objective). Therefore, the both/and thinking, or the desire for having both opposite things can be seen as the cause of rather than the solution to the paradoxical tension. In this paper, I present a ‘Neither-And’ solution – a unique combination of neither/nor as the primary thinking and both/and the secondary – to paradox that is inspired by Buddhism, quantum physics, and James March’s writings. The Neither-And solution can be called Confucian Buddhist solution to paradox, with ‘Buddhist’ (neither/nor) denoting giving up or letting go the extrinsic desire to meet two opposite goals as extrinsic expectations and ‘Confucian’ (both/and) denoting pursuing with intrinsic desire for either or both of opposite goals according to the logic of appropriateness.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2019
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event“Remember James March” Conference - New International Conference Center, University of Nottingham Ningbo China, Ningbo, China
Duration: 17 Jun 201918 Jun 2019
https://www.nottingham.edu.cn/en/business/events/remember-james-march-conference.aspx

Conference

Conference“Remember James March” Conference
LocationNew International Conference Center, University of Nottingham Ningbo China
CountryChina
CityNingbo
Period17/06/201918/06/2019
Internet address

Cite this

Li, X. (2019). The Neither-and Solution to Paradox: Inspirations from Buddhism, Quantum Physics, and James March. Paper presented at “Remember James March” Conference , Ningbo, China.
Li, Xin. / The Neither-and Solution to Paradox : Inspirations from Buddhism, Quantum Physics, and James March. Paper presented at “Remember James March” Conference , Ningbo, China.1 p.
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Li, X 2019, 'The Neither-and Solution to Paradox: Inspirations from Buddhism, Quantum Physics, and James March' Paper presented at, Ningbo, China, 17/06/2019 - 18/06/2019, .

The Neither-and Solution to Paradox : Inspirations from Buddhism, Quantum Physics, and James March. / Li, Xin.

2019. Paper presented at “Remember James March” Conference , Ningbo, China.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperResearchpeer-review

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AB - The mainstream perspective on organizational paradox is underpinned by a both/and thinking, i.e., striving to achieve both of two opposite things. Yet, pursuing contradictory objectives simultaneously is not an easy task to do, which often leads to stress. From a Buddhist perspective, any human suffering (including stress) is caused by one’s desire for more (e.g., more than one objective). Therefore, the both/and thinking, or the desire for having both opposite things can be seen as the cause of rather than the solution to the paradoxical tension. In this paper, I present a ‘Neither-And’ solution – a unique combination of neither/nor as the primary thinking and both/and the secondary – to paradox that is inspired by Buddhism, quantum physics, and James March’s writings. The Neither-And solution can be called Confucian Buddhist solution to paradox, with ‘Buddhist’ (neither/nor) denoting giving up or letting go the extrinsic desire to meet two opposite goals as extrinsic expectations and ‘Confucian’ (both/and) denoting pursuing with intrinsic desire for either or both of opposite goals according to the logic of appropriateness.

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Li X. The Neither-and Solution to Paradox: Inspirations from Buddhism, Quantum Physics, and James March. 2019. Paper presented at “Remember James March” Conference , Ningbo, China.