Internationalisation des élites académiques suisses au XXe siècle: Convergences et contrastes

Translated title of the contribution: The Internationalization of the Swiss Academic Elites: Convergences and Contrasts

Thierry Rossier, Marion Beetschen, André Mach, Felix Bühlmann

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Resting on a new database on professors of law and economic sciences from Swiss universities in the 20th century, this article accounts for different dynamics of internationalisation of this elite group. Three major conclusions can be drawn from our analyses: first, we can divide the 20th century in three distinct historic periods. A strong internationalisation of the academic elites at the beginning of the century is followed by a period of nationalisation or regionalisation subsequent to the First World War. From the 1960s onwards, we observe a “re-internationalisation”, which is even accelerated in the 1980s. Second, professors in the economic sciences are more international and less locally anchored than their counterparts in law, in particular when we examine their nationality or their place of education. Finally, the German preponderance among Swiss university professors in the early century makes room, particularly in economic sciences, to the rising influence of the USA. This is a sign that an internationalisation of “excellence” has increasingly replaced an internationalisation of “proximity”.
Translated title of the contributionThe Internationalization of the Swiss Academic Elites: Convergences and Contrasts
Original languageFrench
Title of host publicationÉlites et savoirs
EditorsEtienne Gérard, Anne-Catherine Wagner
Number of pages21
Place of PublicationParis
PublisherLes éditions de la Maison des sciences de l’Homme
Publication date2015
Pages119-139
ISBN (Electronic)9782735120024
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes
SeriesCahiers de la Recherche sur l'Education et les Savoirs
Volume14
ISSN1635-3544

Keywords

  • Academic elites
  • Economics
  • Internationalization
  • Law
  • Switzerland

Cite this

Rossier, T., Beetschen, M., Mach, A., & Bühlmann, F. (2015). Internationalisation des élites académiques suisses au XXe siècle: Convergences et contrastes. In E. Gérard, & A-C. Wagner (Eds.), Élites et savoirs (pp. 119-139). Les éditions de la Maison des sciences de l’Homme. Cahiers de la Recherche sur l'Education et les Savoirs, Vol.. 14 https://journals.openedition.org/cres/2780