The Impact of High-skilled Migrant inward Mobility on Firm-level Innovation Performance

Unfolding Individual- and Firm-level Heterogeneity

Keld Laursen, Bart Leten, Ngoc Han Nguyen, Mark Vancauteren

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference abstract for conferenceResearchpeer-review

Abstract

We adopt an organizational learning approach to examine how firms’ recruitment of high-skilled migrants contributes to subsequent firm-level innovation performance. We argue that due to migrants’ often different experience from that of native high-skilled workers, their perspectives on problemsolving and access to non-overlapping knowledge networks will also differ. The implied complementarity between these worker types makes migrant hires a particularly valuable resource in the context of firm-level innovation. We hypothesize also that since the acculturation costs are relatively low for high-skilled migrants while the innovation-related benefits deriving from diversity are relatively high, innovation performance should increase a fortiori if the high-skilled migrant employees are from a dissimilar culture. Finally, we conjecture that firms with high integration capacity as a function of prior experience of employing high-skilled migrants should derive more innovation-related benefits from migrant hiring than firms with a low integration capacity. We track the inward mobility of high-skilled workers empirically using patents and matched employer-employee data for 16,241 Dutch firms over an 11-year period. We find support for our hypotheses.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2019
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventDRUID Academy Conference 2019 - Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark
Duration: 16 Jan 201918 Jan 2019
https://conference.druid.dk/Druid/?confId=58

Conference

ConferenceDRUID Academy Conference 2019
LocationAalborg University
CountryDenmark
CityAalborg
Period16/01/201918/01/2019
Internet address

Keywords

  • High-skilled migration
  • Innovation
  • Dissimilar culture
  • Integration capacity

Cite this

Laursen, K., Leten, B., Nguyen, N. H., & Vancauteren, M. (2019). The Impact of High-skilled Migrant inward Mobility on Firm-level Innovation Performance: Unfolding Individual- and Firm-level Heterogeneity. Abstract from DRUID Academy Conference 2019, Aalborg, Denmark.
Laursen, Keld ; Leten, Bart ; Nguyen, Ngoc Han ; Vancauteren, Mark. / The Impact of High-skilled Migrant inward Mobility on Firm-level Innovation Performance : Unfolding Individual- and Firm-level Heterogeneity. Abstract from DRUID Academy Conference 2019, Aalborg, Denmark.1 p.
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The Impact of High-skilled Migrant inward Mobility on Firm-level Innovation Performance : Unfolding Individual- and Firm-level Heterogeneity. / Laursen, Keld; Leten, Bart; Nguyen, Ngoc Han; Vancauteren, Mark.

2019. Abstract from DRUID Academy Conference 2019, Aalborg, Denmark.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference abstract for conferenceResearchpeer-review

TY - ABST

T1 - The Impact of High-skilled Migrant inward Mobility on Firm-level Innovation Performance

T2 - Unfolding Individual- and Firm-level Heterogeneity

AU - Laursen, Keld

AU - Leten, Bart

AU - Nguyen, Ngoc Han

AU - Vancauteren, Mark

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - We adopt an organizational learning approach to examine how firms’ recruitment of high-skilled migrants contributes to subsequent firm-level innovation performance. We argue that due to migrants’ often different experience from that of native high-skilled workers, their perspectives on problemsolving and access to non-overlapping knowledge networks will also differ. The implied complementarity between these worker types makes migrant hires a particularly valuable resource in the context of firm-level innovation. We hypothesize also that since the acculturation costs are relatively low for high-skilled migrants while the innovation-related benefits deriving from diversity are relatively high, innovation performance should increase a fortiori if the high-skilled migrant employees are from a dissimilar culture. Finally, we conjecture that firms with high integration capacity as a function of prior experience of employing high-skilled migrants should derive more innovation-related benefits from migrant hiring than firms with a low integration capacity. We track the inward mobility of high-skilled workers empirically using patents and matched employer-employee data for 16,241 Dutch firms over an 11-year period. We find support for our hypotheses.

AB - We adopt an organizational learning approach to examine how firms’ recruitment of high-skilled migrants contributes to subsequent firm-level innovation performance. We argue that due to migrants’ often different experience from that of native high-skilled workers, their perspectives on problemsolving and access to non-overlapping knowledge networks will also differ. The implied complementarity between these worker types makes migrant hires a particularly valuable resource in the context of firm-level innovation. We hypothesize also that since the acculturation costs are relatively low for high-skilled migrants while the innovation-related benefits deriving from diversity are relatively high, innovation performance should increase a fortiori if the high-skilled migrant employees are from a dissimilar culture. Finally, we conjecture that firms with high integration capacity as a function of prior experience of employing high-skilled migrants should derive more innovation-related benefits from migrant hiring than firms with a low integration capacity. We track the inward mobility of high-skilled workers empirically using patents and matched employer-employee data for 16,241 Dutch firms over an 11-year period. We find support for our hypotheses.

KW - High-skilled migration

KW - Innovation

KW - Dissimilar culture

KW - Integration capacity

KW - High-skilled migration

KW - Innovation

KW - Dissimilar culture

KW - Integration capacity

M3 - Conference abstract for conference

ER -

Laursen K, Leten B, Nguyen NH, Vancauteren M. The Impact of High-skilled Migrant inward Mobility on Firm-level Innovation Performance: Unfolding Individual- and Firm-level Heterogeneity. 2019. Abstract from DRUID Academy Conference 2019, Aalborg, Denmark.