The Impact of Familial, Behavioural and Psychosocial Factors on the SES Gradient for Childhood Overweight in Europe: A Longitudinal Study

Karin Bammann, Wencke Gwozdz, Claudia Pischke, Gabriele Eiben, Juan M. Fernandez-Alvira, Stefaan De Henauw, Lauren Lissner, Luis A. Moreno, Yannis Pitsiladis, Lucia A. Reisch, Toomas Veidebaum, Iris Pigeot

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Background: In highly developed countries, childhood overweight and many overweight-related risk factors are negatively associated with socioeconomic status (SES).
    Objective: The objective of this study is to investigate the longitudinal association between parental SES and childhood overweight, and to clarify whether familial, psychosocial or behavioural factors can explain any SES gradient.
    Methods: The baseline and follow-up surveys of the identification and prevention of dietary and lifestyle induced health effects in children and infants (IDEFICS) study are used to investigate the longitudinal association between SES, familial, psychosocial and behavioural factors, and the prevalence of childhood overweight. A total of 5819 children (50.5% boys and 49.5% girls) were included.
    Results: The risk for being overweight after 2 years at follow-up in children who were non-overweight at baseline increases with a lower SES. For children who were initially overweight, a lower parental SES carries a lower probability for a non-overweight weight status at follow-up. The effect of parental SES is only moderately attenuated by single familial, psychosocial or behavioural factors; however, it can be fully explained by their combined effect. Most influential of the investigated risk factors were feeding/eating practices, parental body mass index, physical activity behaviour and proportion of sedentary activity.
    Conclusion: Prevention strategies for childhood overweight should focus on actual behaviours, whereas acknowledging that these behaviours are more prevalent in lower SES families.
    Background: In highly developed countries, childhood overweight and many overweight-related risk factors are negatively associated with socioeconomic status (SES).
    Objective: The objective of this study is to investigate the longitudinal association between parental SES and childhood overweight, and to clarify whether familial, psychosocial or behavioural factors can explain any SES gradient.
    Methods: The baseline and follow-up surveys of the identification and prevention of dietary and lifestyle induced health effects in children and infants (IDEFICS) study are used to investigate the longitudinal association between SES, familial, psychosocial and behavioural factors, and the prevalence of childhood overweight. A total of 5819 children (50.5% boys and 49.5% girls) were included.
    Results: The risk for being overweight after 2 years at follow-up in children who were non-overweight at baseline increases with a lower SES. For children who were initially overweight, a lower parental SES carries a lower probability for a non-overweight weight status at follow-up. The effect of parental SES is only moderately attenuated by single familial, psychosocial or behavioural factors; however, it can be fully explained by their combined effect. Most influential of the investigated risk factors were feeding/eating practices, parental body mass index, physical activity behaviour and proportion of sedentary activity.
    Conclusion: Prevention strategies for childhood overweight should focus on actual behaviours, whereas acknowledging that these behaviours are more prevalent in lower SES families.
    LanguageEnglish
    Article number137
    JournalInternational Journal of Obesity
    Volume41
    Issue number1
    Pages54-60
    ISSN0307-0565
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 2017

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    Cite this

    Bammann, Karin ; Gwozdz, Wencke ; Pischke, Claudia ; Eiben, Gabriele ; Fernandez-Alvira, Juan M. ; De Henauw, Stefaan ; Lissner, Lauren ; Moreno, Luis A. ; Pitsiladis, Yannis ; Reisch, Lucia A. ; Veidebaum, Toomas ; Pigeot, Iris. / The Impact of Familial, Behavioural and Psychosocial Factors on the SES Gradient for Childhood Overweight in Europe : A Longitudinal Study. In: International Journal of Obesity. 2017 ; Vol. 41, No. 1. pp. 54-60
    @article{1000a32fab73428eb29329f8ed922136,
    title = "The Impact of Familial, Behavioural and Psychosocial Factors on the SES Gradient for Childhood Overweight in Europe: A Longitudinal Study",
    abstract = "Background: In highly developed countries, childhood overweight and many overweight-related risk factors are negatively associated with socioeconomic status (SES).Objective: The objective of this study is to investigate the longitudinal association between parental SES and childhood overweight, and to clarify whether familial, psychosocial or behavioural factors can explain any SES gradient.Methods: The baseline and follow-up surveys of the identification and prevention of dietary and lifestyle induced health effects in children and infants (IDEFICS) study are used to investigate the longitudinal association between SES, familial, psychosocial and behavioural factors, and the prevalence of childhood overweight. A total of 5819 children (50.5{\%} boys and 49.5{\%} girls) were included.Results: The risk for being overweight after 2 years at follow-up in children who were non-overweight at baseline increases with a lower SES. For children who were initially overweight, a lower parental SES carries a lower probability for a non-overweight weight status at follow-up. The effect of parental SES is only moderately attenuated by single familial, psychosocial or behavioural factors; however, it can be fully explained by their combined effect. Most influential of the investigated risk factors were feeding/eating practices, parental body mass index, physical activity behaviour and proportion of sedentary activity.Conclusion: Prevention strategies for childhood overweight should focus on actual behaviours, whereas acknowledging that these behaviours are more prevalent in lower SES families.",
    author = "Karin Bammann and Wencke Gwozdz and Claudia Pischke and Gabriele Eiben and Fernandez-Alvira, {Juan M.} and {De Henauw}, Stefaan and Lauren Lissner and Moreno, {Luis A.} and Yannis Pitsiladis and Reisch, {Lucia A.} and Toomas Veidebaum and Iris Pigeot",
    note = "CBS Library does not have access to the material",
    year = "2017",
    month = "1",
    doi = "10.1038/ijo.2016.137",
    language = "English",
    volume = "41",
    pages = "54--60",
    journal = "International Journal of Obesity",
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    Bammann, K, Gwozdz, W, Pischke, C, Eiben, G, Fernandez-Alvira, JM, De Henauw, S, Lissner, L, Moreno, LA, Pitsiladis, Y, Reisch, LA, Veidebaum, T & Pigeot, I 2017, 'The Impact of Familial, Behavioural and Psychosocial Factors on the SES Gradient for Childhood Overweight in Europe: A Longitudinal Study' International Journal of Obesity, vol. 41, no. 1, 137, pp. 54-60. DOI: 10.1038/ijo.2016.137

    The Impact of Familial, Behavioural and Psychosocial Factors on the SES Gradient for Childhood Overweight in Europe : A Longitudinal Study. / Bammann, Karin; Gwozdz, Wencke; Pischke, Claudia; Eiben, Gabriele; Fernandez-Alvira, Juan M.; De Henauw, Stefaan; Lissner, Lauren; Moreno, Luis A.; Pitsiladis, Yannis; Reisch, Lucia A.; Veidebaum, Toomas; Pigeot, Iris.

    In: International Journal of Obesity, Vol. 41, No. 1, 137, 01.2017, p. 54-60.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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    T1 - The Impact of Familial, Behavioural and Psychosocial Factors on the SES Gradient for Childhood Overweight in Europe

    T2 - International Journal of Obesity

    AU - Bammann,Karin

    AU - Gwozdz,Wencke

    AU - Pischke,Claudia

    AU - Eiben,Gabriele

    AU - Fernandez-Alvira,Juan M.

    AU - De Henauw,Stefaan

    AU - Lissner,Lauren

    AU - Moreno,Luis A.

    AU - Pitsiladis,Yannis

    AU - Reisch,Lucia A.

    AU - Veidebaum,Toomas

    AU - Pigeot,Iris

    N1 - CBS Library does not have access to the material

    PY - 2017/1

    Y1 - 2017/1

    N2 - Background: In highly developed countries, childhood overweight and many overweight-related risk factors are negatively associated with socioeconomic status (SES).Objective: The objective of this study is to investigate the longitudinal association between parental SES and childhood overweight, and to clarify whether familial, psychosocial or behavioural factors can explain any SES gradient.Methods: The baseline and follow-up surveys of the identification and prevention of dietary and lifestyle induced health effects in children and infants (IDEFICS) study are used to investigate the longitudinal association between SES, familial, psychosocial and behavioural factors, and the prevalence of childhood overweight. A total of 5819 children (50.5% boys and 49.5% girls) were included.Results: The risk for being overweight after 2 years at follow-up in children who were non-overweight at baseline increases with a lower SES. For children who were initially overweight, a lower parental SES carries a lower probability for a non-overweight weight status at follow-up. The effect of parental SES is only moderately attenuated by single familial, psychosocial or behavioural factors; however, it can be fully explained by their combined effect. Most influential of the investigated risk factors were feeding/eating practices, parental body mass index, physical activity behaviour and proportion of sedentary activity.Conclusion: Prevention strategies for childhood overweight should focus on actual behaviours, whereas acknowledging that these behaviours are more prevalent in lower SES families.

    AB - Background: In highly developed countries, childhood overweight and many overweight-related risk factors are negatively associated with socioeconomic status (SES).Objective: The objective of this study is to investigate the longitudinal association between parental SES and childhood overweight, and to clarify whether familial, psychosocial or behavioural factors can explain any SES gradient.Methods: The baseline and follow-up surveys of the identification and prevention of dietary and lifestyle induced health effects in children and infants (IDEFICS) study are used to investigate the longitudinal association between SES, familial, psychosocial and behavioural factors, and the prevalence of childhood overweight. A total of 5819 children (50.5% boys and 49.5% girls) were included.Results: The risk for being overweight after 2 years at follow-up in children who were non-overweight at baseline increases with a lower SES. For children who were initially overweight, a lower parental SES carries a lower probability for a non-overweight weight status at follow-up. The effect of parental SES is only moderately attenuated by single familial, psychosocial or behavioural factors; however, it can be fully explained by their combined effect. Most influential of the investigated risk factors were feeding/eating practices, parental body mass index, physical activity behaviour and proportion of sedentary activity.Conclusion: Prevention strategies for childhood overweight should focus on actual behaviours, whereas acknowledging that these behaviours are more prevalent in lower SES families.

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    DO - 10.1038/ijo.2016.137

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