The End of the Line: Project Management Challenges in Small Software Shops in Pakistan

Shahid Nadeem Shakir, Jacob Nørbjerg

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


    Most software development companies are very small with only 1-10
    employees. In developing countries such companies play an important role both locally and as providers of software and services to customers in other parts of the world. Understanding and improving their project management (PM) practices are, therefore, important not only in the local context, but also in the context of globalized software development. This paper explores actual PM
    practices in Pakistani Small Software development Shops (SSDS). We find PM
    challenges in addition to challenges reported by software engineering literature, and we have described the implications of those challenges on quality and productivity of Pakistani SSDSs. We also find that some Pakistani SSDS practices are similar to what is reported from SSDSs in other parts of the world, but other practices are related to the companies' position in the global software development chain.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings IRIS36
    EditorsTone Bratteteig, Margunn Aanestad, Espen Skorve
    Number of pages16
    Place of PublicationOslo
    PublisherDepartment of Informatics. University of Oslo
    Publication date2013
    Article number43
    Publication statusPublished - 2013
    EventThe 36th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia. IRIS 2013 - Sanner Hotell, Gran, Norway
    Duration: 11 Aug 201314 Aug 2013
    Conference number: 36


    SeminarThe 36th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia. IRIS 2013
    LocationSanner Hotell
    Internet address


    • Project management
    • PM tools
    • Small software shops
    • Freelance portals
    • PM issues and challenges.

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