The Employment Impact of Poland’s Special Economic Zones Policy

Camilla Jensen

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    Abstract

    In 1994, Poland launched a special economic zones experiment to maintain employment structures outside the major cities. Using difference-in-difference estimations, this paper evaluates whether the policy has been successful in its primary objective, which is to sustain employment in <italic>gmina</italic>s (communes) more likely to be negatively affected by the economic transition. A significant and positive effect of the policy on employment is documented, but with some negative spillovers at the policy level as zones start to spread rapidly. Accounting for covariates, timing, policy spillovers and reducing imbalance through matching, the average treatment effect for employment is estimated to be 60%.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalRegional Studies
    Volume52
    Issue number7
    Pages (from-to)877-889
    Number of pages13
    ISSN0034-3404
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2018

    Keywords

    • Policy impact evaluation
    • Regional economic development
    • Special economic zones
    • Economic transition

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