The Economic Emergence of China: Strategic Policy Implications for Southeast Asia

Beoy Kui Ng

Research output: Working paperResearch

40 Downloads (Pure)


The purpose of this paper is to analyze strategic policy implications arising from possible threats and opportunities in the face of the emergence of China as an economic powerhouse. The focus of the paper is not on the regional approach through mainly regional co-operations but more on policy strategies and responses at the national level. Depending on their degree of national economic development, economic structure and comparative advantage, eight strategic positionings have been identified. Of these eight positionings, direct competition is considered as an unwise move, considering China being endowed with relatively cheap labour resources. Together with its huge domestic market which can serve as a magnet for direct foreign investment, competition in attracting FDI can be a daunting task for most to the Southeast Asian countries. Instead, competition based on niche areas through branding, for instance provides a feasible alternative. The other alternative is to avoid direct competition by upgrading its economy, venturing into those areas where China has no comparative advantage as well as looking inward for sources of growth. Others may adopt ‘connecting’ strategies such as complementing or supplementing the Chinese economy by meeting China’s increasing demand for natural resources or exploiting its huge domestic market. Still others may explore the possibilities of forging strategic alliance with China in the global market or playing the role of a middleman between China the West.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationFrederiksberg
PublisherAsia Research Centre. Copenhagen Business School
Number of pages33
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes
SeriesCopenhagen Discussion Papers

Bibliographical note

Paper presented at International Conference on “Southeast Asia and China: Connecting, Distancing and Positioning” organized by the Singapore Society of Asian Studies held in Singapore on 1st December 2007.


  • China
  • Southeast Asia
  • Foreign direct investment
  • Outbound investment
  • International trade
  • Comparative advantage
  • Tourism

Cite this