The brand personality of nonprofit service organizations (NPO) is a focal cue for individuals engaging in pro-social behavior. However, the positive effect of brand personality on donors’ intention to engage pro-socially may be affected in cases in which NPOs provide monetary incentives to those donors. Relying on social exchange theory, the authors examine how monetary incentives and brand personality commonly affect the intention to donate and whether this effect varies based on the perceived trustworthiness of the NPO. The results of two experimental studies show that branding and incentivizing decisions should not be developed independently because monetary incentives do indeed undermine the positive effects of brand personality on the intention to donate. However, the effectiveness of incentives varies with the perceived level of trust in the NPO: highly trusted NPO services are harmed by monetary incentives, whereas less-trusted NPOs may even benefit.
- Social exchange theory
- Nonprofit organization
- Blood donation
- Monetary incentives
Shehu, E., Becker, J. U., Langmaack, A-C., & Clement, M. (2016). The Brand Personality of Nonprofit Organizations and the Influence of Monetary Incentives. Journal of Business Ethics, 138(3), 589–600. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-015-2595-3