The Banyan and the Birch Tree: Family Ties and Embeddedness in the Indian Film Industry in Bollywood

Mark Lorenzen, Florian A. Taeube

    Research output: Working paperResearch

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    Theoretical and empirical research on entrepreneurial networks is largely outcome-oriented and little integrated with family firm research. In this paper, we draw on social network and entrepreneurship literatures in order to investigate how family businesses build and make use of a variety of embedded and arm's-length ties. We present novel data self-collected in qualitative, inductive fieldwork from more than 50 interviews in mainstream film production in Bollywood. Our findings contrast with extant research by showing that in the socio-cultural context of India the use of embedded ties is higher than predictions in the theoretical literature and empirical findings in cross-country studies suggest. Moreover, we show that the ‘Indian' family is an institution that dominates embedded ties. The Banyan tree symbolizes this interconnectedness of the different branches of an Indian family compared to the plain structure of a birch tree describing Hollywood, where embedded ties can be different from familial ties.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationFrederiksberg
    Publisherimagine.. CBS
    Number of pages55
    Publication statusPublished - 2010
    SeriesCreative Encounters Working Paper


    • Family ties
    • Entrepreneurial networks
    • Embeddedness
    • Emerging economies
    • India
    • Film industry
    • Bollywood

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