Television Habits in Relation to Overweight, Diet and Taste Preferences in European Children

The IDEFICS Study

Lauren Lissner, Anne Lanfer, Wencke Gwozdz, Steingerdur Olafsdottir, Gabriele Eiben, Luis A. Moreno, Alba M. Santaliestra-Pasías, Evá Kóvacs, Gianvincenzo Barba, Helle-Mai Loit, Yiannis Kourides, Valeria Pala, Hermann Pohlabeln, Stefaan De Henauw, Kirsten Buchecker, Wolfgang Ahrens, Lucia Reisch

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Early television exposure has been associated with various health outcomes including childhood obesity. This paper describes associations between patterns of television viewing, on one hand, and diet, taste preference and weight status, on the other, in European preschoolers and schoolchildren. The IDEFICS baseline survey was conducted at examination centers in Italy, Estonia, Cyprus, Belgium, Sweden, Germany, Hungary, and Spain. 15,144 children aged 2–9 completed the basic protocol, including anthropometry and parental questionnaires on their diets and television habits. A subsample of 1,696 schoolchildren underwent further sensory testing for fat and sweet taste preferences. Three dichotomous indicators described: children’s habitual television exposure time; television viewing during meals; and having televisions in their bedrooms. Based on these variables we investigated television habits in relation to overweight (IOTF) and usual consumption of foods high in fat and sugar. A possible role of taste preference in the latter association was tested in the sensory subgroup. All television indicators were significantly associated with increased risk of overweight, with odds ratios ranging from 1.21 to 1.30, in fully adjusted models. Children’s propensities to consume high-fat and high-sugar foods were positively and, in most analyses, monotonically associated with high-risk television behaviors. The associations between television and diet propensities were not explained by preference for added fat or sugar in test foods. To summarize, in addition to being more overweight, children with high-risk television behaviors may, independent of objectively measured taste preferences for fat and sugar, passively overconsume higher-fat and particularly higher-sugar diets.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalEuropean Journal of Epidemiology
    Volume27
    Issue number9
    Pages (from-to)705-715
    ISSN0393-2990
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 2012

    Keywords

    • Televison
    • Diet
    • Taste Preference
    • Childhood Overweight

    Cite this

    Lissner, Lauren ; Lanfer, Anne ; Gwozdz, Wencke ; Olafsdottir, Steingerdur ; Eiben, Gabriele ; A. Moreno, Luis ; Santaliestra-Pasías, Alba M. ; Kóvacs, Evá ; Barba, Gianvincenzo ; Loit, Helle-Mai ; Kourides, Yiannis ; Pala, Valeria ; Pohlabeln, Hermann ; De Henauw, Stefaan ; Buchecker, Kirsten ; Ahrens, Wolfgang ; Reisch, Lucia. / Television Habits in Relation to Overweight, Diet and Taste Preferences in European Children : The IDEFICS Study. In: European Journal of Epidemiology. 2012 ; Vol. 27, No. 9. pp. 705-715.
    @article{d1bc4c8b302441288d3f7526c2b47c25,
    title = "Television Habits in Relation to Overweight, Diet and Taste Preferences in European Children: The IDEFICS Study",
    abstract = "Early television exposure has been associated with various health outcomes including childhood obesity. This paper describes associations between patterns of television viewing, on one hand, and diet, taste preference and weight status, on the other, in European preschoolers and schoolchildren. The IDEFICS baseline survey was conducted at examination centers in Italy, Estonia, Cyprus, Belgium, Sweden, Germany, Hungary, and Spain. 15,144 children aged 2–9 completed the basic protocol, including anthropometry and parental questionnaires on their diets and television habits. A subsample of 1,696 schoolchildren underwent further sensory testing for fat and sweet taste preferences. Three dichotomous indicators described: children’s habitual television exposure time; television viewing during meals; and having televisions in their bedrooms. Based on these variables we investigated television habits in relation to overweight (IOTF) and usual consumption of foods high in fat and sugar. A possible role of taste preference in the latter association was tested in the sensory subgroup. All television indicators were significantly associated with increased risk of overweight, with odds ratios ranging from 1.21 to 1.30, in fully adjusted models. Children’s propensities to consume high-fat and high-sugar foods were positively and, in most analyses, monotonically associated with high-risk television behaviors. The associations between television and diet propensities were not explained by preference for added fat or sugar in test foods. To summarize, in addition to being more overweight, children with high-risk television behaviors may, independent of objectively measured taste preferences for fat and sugar, passively overconsume higher-fat and particularly higher-sugar diets.",
    keywords = "Televison, Diet, Taste Preference, Childhood Overweight",
    author = "Lauren Lissner and Anne Lanfer and Wencke Gwozdz and Steingerdur Olafsdottir and Gabriele Eiben and {A. Moreno}, Luis and Santaliestra-Pas{\'i}as, {Alba M.} and Ev{\'a} K{\'o}vacs and Gianvincenzo Barba and Helle-Mai Loit and Yiannis Kourides and Valeria Pala and Hermann Pohlabeln and {De Henauw}, Stefaan and Kirsten Buchecker and Wolfgang Ahrens and Lucia Reisch",
    year = "2012",
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    Lissner, L, Lanfer, A, Gwozdz, W, Olafsdottir, S, Eiben, G, A. Moreno, L, Santaliestra-Pasías, AM, Kóvacs, E, Barba, G, Loit, H-M, Kourides, Y, Pala, V, Pohlabeln, H, De Henauw, S, Buchecker, K, Ahrens, W & Reisch, L 2012, 'Television Habits in Relation to Overweight, Diet and Taste Preferences in European Children: The IDEFICS Study', European Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 27, no. 9, pp. 705-715. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10654-012-9718-2

    Television Habits in Relation to Overweight, Diet and Taste Preferences in European Children : The IDEFICS Study. / Lissner, Lauren; Lanfer, Anne; Gwozdz, Wencke; Olafsdottir, Steingerdur ; Eiben, Gabriele; A. Moreno, Luis; Santaliestra-Pasías, Alba M.; Kóvacs, Evá; Barba, Gianvincenzo; Loit, Helle-Mai; Kourides, Yiannis ; Pala, Valeria; Pohlabeln, Hermann; De Henauw, Stefaan; Buchecker, Kirsten; Ahrens, Wolfgang; Reisch, Lucia.

    In: European Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 27, No. 9, 09.2012, p. 705-715.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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    AU - Lanfer, Anne

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    AU - Olafsdottir, Steingerdur

    AU - Eiben, Gabriele

    AU - A. Moreno, Luis

    AU - Santaliestra-Pasías, Alba M.

    AU - Kóvacs, Evá

    AU - Barba, Gianvincenzo

    AU - Loit, Helle-Mai

    AU - Kourides, Yiannis

    AU - Pala, Valeria

    AU - Pohlabeln, Hermann

    AU - De Henauw, Stefaan

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    AU - Ahrens, Wolfgang

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    KW - Taste Preference

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