Sweden's Engagement with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Magnus Andersson, Jinsun Bae

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Purpose: -This article examines Sweden’s engagement with the DPRK as a unique case to understand motivations for engaging in a so-called fragile state.
    Design/methodology/approach: -The authors apply the constructivist international relations (IR) approach and opt for the case study method based on semistructured interviews of individuals who have taken part in Swedish engagement programs.
    Findings: - Besides having its embassy in Pyongyang and serving as a protecting power for the U.S., Sweden has provided capacity building programs for North Korean government officials and scholars and has taken part in low-profile human rights advocacy. In short, Sweden is best viewed as a facilitator between DPRK and the outside world. Its motivations are mixed and multiple, including rationalist pursuit
    of gains and the logic of appropriateness.
    Practical implications: - Useful for policymakers interested in engagement DPRK and other countries with little interaction with the outside world.
    Originality/value: - This case expands our understanding of engagement that is often understood to a great degree as a rationalist affair between the engaging and target states. It also affirms the usefulness of constructivist IR approach in accounting for today’s engagement practices involving more stakeholders and less obvious costbenefit calculation.
    Purpose: -This article examines Sweden’s engagement with the DPRK as a unique case to understand motivations for engaging in a so-called fragile state.
    Design/methodology/approach: -The authors apply the constructivist international relations (IR) approach and opt for the case study method based on semistructured interviews of individuals who have taken part in Swedish engagement programs.
    Findings: - Besides having its embassy in Pyongyang and serving as a protecting power for the U.S., Sweden has provided capacity building programs for North Korean government officials and scholars and has taken part in low-profile human rights advocacy. In short, Sweden is best viewed as a facilitator between DPRK and the outside world. Its motivations are mixed and multiple, including rationalist pursuit
    of gains and the logic of appropriateness.
    Practical implications: - Useful for policymakers interested in engagement DPRK and other countries with little interaction with the outside world.
    Originality/value: - This case expands our understanding of engagement that is often understood to a great degree as a rationalist affair between the engaging and target states. It also affirms the usefulness of constructivist IR approach in accounting for today’s engagement practices involving more stakeholders and less obvious costbenefit calculation.
    LanguageEnglish
    JournalNorth Korean Review
    Volume11
    Issue number1
    Pages42–62
    ISSN1551-2789
    StatePublished - 2015

    Keywords

      Cite this

      Andersson, Magnus ; Bae, Jinsun . / Sweden's Engagement with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. In: North Korean Review. 2015 ; Vol. 11, No. 1. pp. 42–62
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      abstract = "Purpose: -This article examines Sweden’s engagement with the DPRK as a unique case to understand motivations for engaging in a so-called fragile state.Design/methodology/approach: -The authors apply the constructivist international relations (IR) approach and opt for the case study method based on semistructured interviews of individuals who have taken part in Swedish engagement programs.Findings: - Besides having its embassy in Pyongyang and serving as a protecting power for the U.S., Sweden has provided capacity building programs for North Korean government officials and scholars and has taken part in low-profile human rights advocacy. In short, Sweden is best viewed as a facilitator between DPRK and the outside world. Its motivations are mixed and multiple, including rationalist pursuitof gains and the logic of appropriateness.Practical implications: - Useful for policymakers interested in engagement DPRK and other countries with little interaction with the outside world.Originality/value: - This case expands our understanding of engagement that is often understood to a great degree as a rationalist affair between the engaging and target states. It also affirms the usefulness of constructivist IR approach in accounting for today’s engagement practices involving more stakeholders and less obvious costbenefit calculation.",
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      Andersson, M & Bae, J 2015, 'Sweden's Engagement with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea' North Korean Review, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 42–62.

      Sweden's Engagement with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. / Andersson, Magnus; Bae, Jinsun .

      In: North Korean Review, Vol. 11, No. 1, 2015, p. 42–62.

      Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

      TY - JOUR

      T1 - Sweden's Engagement with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea

      AU - Andersson,Magnus

      AU - Bae,Jinsun

      PY - 2015

      Y1 - 2015

      N2 - Purpose: -This article examines Sweden’s engagement with the DPRK as a unique case to understand motivations for engaging in a so-called fragile state.Design/methodology/approach: -The authors apply the constructivist international relations (IR) approach and opt for the case study method based on semistructured interviews of individuals who have taken part in Swedish engagement programs.Findings: - Besides having its embassy in Pyongyang and serving as a protecting power for the U.S., Sweden has provided capacity building programs for North Korean government officials and scholars and has taken part in low-profile human rights advocacy. In short, Sweden is best viewed as a facilitator between DPRK and the outside world. Its motivations are mixed and multiple, including rationalist pursuitof gains and the logic of appropriateness.Practical implications: - Useful for policymakers interested in engagement DPRK and other countries with little interaction with the outside world.Originality/value: - This case expands our understanding of engagement that is often understood to a great degree as a rationalist affair between the engaging and target states. It also affirms the usefulness of constructivist IR approach in accounting for today’s engagement practices involving more stakeholders and less obvious costbenefit calculation.

      AB - Purpose: -This article examines Sweden’s engagement with the DPRK as a unique case to understand motivations for engaging in a so-called fragile state.Design/methodology/approach: -The authors apply the constructivist international relations (IR) approach and opt for the case study method based on semistructured interviews of individuals who have taken part in Swedish engagement programs.Findings: - Besides having its embassy in Pyongyang and serving as a protecting power for the U.S., Sweden has provided capacity building programs for North Korean government officials and scholars and has taken part in low-profile human rights advocacy. In short, Sweden is best viewed as a facilitator between DPRK and the outside world. Its motivations are mixed and multiple, including rationalist pursuitof gains and the logic of appropriateness.Practical implications: - Useful for policymakers interested in engagement DPRK and other countries with little interaction with the outside world.Originality/value: - This case expands our understanding of engagement that is often understood to a great degree as a rationalist affair between the engaging and target states. It also affirms the usefulness of constructivist IR approach in accounting for today’s engagement practices involving more stakeholders and less obvious costbenefit calculation.

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