Subsidizing Liquidity: The Impact of Make/Take Fees on Market Quality

Katya Malinova, Andreas Park

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Facing increased competition over the last decade, many stock exchanges changed their trading fees to maker-taker pricing, an incentive scheme that rewards liquidity suppliers and charges liquidity demanders. Using a change in trading fees on the Toronto Stock Exchange, we study whether and why the breakdown of trading fees between liquidity demanders and suppliers matters. Posted quotes adjust after the change in fee composition, but the transaction costs for liquidity demanders remain unaffected once fees are taken into account. However, as posted bid-ask spreads decline, traders (particularly retail) use aggressive orders more frequently, and adverse selection costs decrease.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Finance
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)509-536
Number of pages28
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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